1.1 Background to the Study
A child is referred to a minor in the law village and a person that has not attained the age of 18.For decades the Nigeria child has been seen an instrument or property with no privilege of theirs (Umobong, 2010).This myth of seeing a child as a property and instrument have caused a global problem called “CHILD ABUSE”.
Child Abuse can also be referred to as child maltreatment. Child maltreatment can be defined ill-treatment of a child by his family or guardian.it is the abuse of a child instantly or continuously within a period (Abamara, 2016). Child abuse can be in omission and commission. According to African network for prevention and protection against child maltreatment: it can be defined as the combination of child omission and commission by an able adult endearing the child go through physical pain and emotional imbalances. Abamara (2016) defined child maltreatment as purposeful, unintended and well-intentional action which will inflict physical injuries, health injuries, and emotional injuries on the child. This can also be defined as the exploitation of a child health which stunts the development and dignity of the child (WHO, 2013). Child maltreatment can also be subdivided into the following forms;
Neglect and neglect treatment
Emotional abuse and
Exploitation (Uzodimma, Ogundeyi, Dedeke and Owolabi, 2013).
However, commission phenomenon of child maltreatment details the act that are developed and organized to inflict harm indirectly or directly on a young child. Omission which has to with total absence to the necessity of life which the child is required to have (Abamara, 2016). This absence will affect the welfare and physical development of the child. The holistic view of child maltreatment deal emotional abuse, sexual abuse and neglect that affect the god-give and constitutional-guaranteed freedom of the child. This being perpetrated by the wards or guardians close to the child.