Since 1974 the bank has committed $1.2 billion for Agricultural
Development Projects (ADPs) to increase farm production and welfare among small holder in Nigeria. OED reviewed five ADPs and a supporting Agricultural Technical Assistance Project (ATAP) all implemented between 1979 and 1990. Only two of these six projects had satisfactory outcomes. In general, rainfed Agricultural production was far below projections. Macroeconomic condition, some national policies and particular design and implementation problems prevented amore significant impact.
Low cost irrigate development of the low land area (Fadama) was. However, quite successful village water supply component exceeded their target. The ADPs have evolved to be “Permanent” institutions for rural infrastructural development and Agricultural services, but their role via a vis the regular state department need to be reviewed.
ADP concept: The ADPs were designed in response to a fall in Agricultural productivity, hence a concern to sustain domestic supplies as labor have moved out of Agriculture into more remunerative activities that were benefiting from the oil boom. Conversely, domestic recycling of oil income provided the opportunity for the government with bank support to develop the ADPs the project provided Agricultural investment and services rural road and village water supplies the governments adop of the ADP concept but the small holder sector at the center of the Agricultural Development strategy, and market clear shift away from capital _ intensive investment project for selected areas of high Agricultural potential.
The first ADPs in Nigeria was enclave project each covering a specific region within a state. Their early result impressed both the federal and state government, and there was pressure to replicate, the approach across while states. In 1989 all Nigeria 19 states had ADPs.
Two of the project audited_Ilorin and Oyo north were enclave project and were located in the middle belt of Nigeria whose main crop are rainfed cereals and root crops. The three other ADPs audited. Bauchi, Kano and Sokoto were state wide project in Nigeria’s northern zone. Cropping in this zone is based on rainfed in drainage lines that can support higher_value crops.
The northern ADPs applied on expanded version of the same model used in the early enclave projects in this zone. This project demanded a large amounts of capital and services and intensive management with hind sight, not enough thought was given to the implication of the large increase in scale or indeed to the less favorable production environment than existed in the smaller enclave.