CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Fraud is a phenomenon, which is complex in nature. Given the current travails of the banking sub sector, the need to block all leakages leading to the loss of fund, more than ever before becomes compelling. The fraud which has over the years constituted substantial drain on the vaults of banks and other financial institutions, need not only to be detected on time but must be prevented and controlled.
One of the best ways of carrying out this, is to detect and control the dangers posed by fraud on the economy and the banking industry in particular.
The various interest groups comprising the shareholders, creditors, depositors, government and the public are not only interested in the financial statement of a bank, but very much interested in how the management has managed the fund entrusted to their care.
One of such internal control measures is the inspectorate division of any bank. This is purely a management technique which operates by appraising all activities of the organisation with a view to assisting management in attain the desire goals and objectives both efficiently and effectively.
It is on record that the Nigerian Banking industry has spent thousands of naira in terms of their deposits, yet it is rather disheartening that all their efforts are being thwarted by sophisticated fraud attempts.
It is worthy to note that in the bank efforts in addressing this knotty issue of fraud millions of naira are being lost to fraud syndicates that have developed efficient and sophisticated. With the bankdrop, this research will appraise the internal control systems put in Afribank Nigeria Plc now Main street with the twin aim of detecting and controlling incidence of fraud and avoiding receipt of laundered money.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
This study is to find out the problem encountered in fraud detecting and prevention in Banking Industry in Nigeria:
The internal control put in place by bank management sometimes are not strictly adhered to.
Fraudulent act by bank officials and customers is another problem facing banks in West Africa. So many banks have gone into liquidation because of the frauds are not discovered.
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this research work is to disclose the various ways and methods through which frauds are perpetrated. This study was therefore carried out for the following reasons:
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This project will be found interesting, educative and informative by several interest groups based on the fact that efforts are based on data collected to make this research work a laudable one. This study will contribute to knowledge in that it will fill a gap as per the importance of fraud control measures. This research is most timely because it will serve as a resource material and knowledge reservoir for bank management most especially in their recent campaign for the determination of the sources of customers fund.
This research will also help the potential investors to know the type of bank they are to invest in and also help the depositors in determining the security of their fund.
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS