1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Prior to 2006,distress in the Nigerian banking industry had become more great source of concern to the entire financial system, the scale was generally induced until 2008, when the body called Nigerian deposit insurance corporation[NDIC] begun its operation on the safety and soundness of the depositors and system basically in Nigeria.
Consequently, the introduction of the structural adjustment programmed [S.A.P] had not given room for competition in banking industry but rather it had also complicated the financial structural structure of the country. Apart from allocating funds purely on commercial basis, banks also accommodate the handicap of numerous borrowers who have been crippled by the structural adjustment programme [S.A.P].In the provision of bad and doubtful debt of banks, convention is over rift that in major banking cycle that a financial system with an increasing provision. Bad and doubtful calls for caution from the management because this may serve as disincentive to new entrants into the banking industry.
Proliferations of the new banks have gained ground for speculation of Nigeria maybe heading towards having failure. The reason behind proliferations centered on the fact that Nigeria is under banking service and therefore needs as many banks as possible. This position was perhaps encouraged by an international monetary fund [IMF] report on the healthy numbers of persons per bank branch in Nigeria.
The federal military government formulated decree No. 22 which shortly established the N.D.I.C [Nigeria deposit insurance corporation] is an autonomous regulating body with power among other to examine the books and affairs of the insured bank and other deposit-taking financial institution operating in Nigeria to ensure total deposit liabilities with NDIC with the exception of insider deposits i.e. deposits belonging to the board members and staff of the insured banks e.g. deposits used as collateral. As a matter of fact a depositor in an NDIC insured bank will not pay through annual assessment of its volume of such deposits. It is the premium paid by the insured banks and the investment income that makeup fund of the corporation.