1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Examination malpractice has become a normal occurrence among adults’ world over, but more worrisome in Nigeria. Though there have been endless discussions on whether examination exercise should be expunged from school activity but there has not been any other substitute to assess the effectiveness of teaching and learning of both teachers and adults respectively. Therefore, examination still remains one strong way of assessing academic activities in schools. Examination, as it were remains one of the Herculean tasks that is insurmountable for adults generally irrespective of their level, sex, status or age. At the mention of examination, adults begin to agitate, worry, pant, and express other general disposition of anxiety. Aside these common feelings toward examination especially in Nigeria, Ugo & Odimba (2010) submitted that there is over-reliance on results of examinations to secure higher education or to get jobs by the adults; and there is high level of moral decadence in the society. Consequent upon these, adults resort to various corrupt practices to achieve ‘successes’ in examinations.