1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
English language was introduced in Nigeria in the earlier, 19th century by British colonial masters. English language as a second language in Nigeria has played a role in Nigeria which could be seen in an education, government, business, commerce, media and most of internal and external communication. Above all, English language has played the role of the language of political unity.
In recent research, English has rated as the world most popular language which is characterized by active communication from one continent to another, especially by indigenous owners of the language. Today, formal education in Nigeria has been taking place through the use of English language as a medium of instruction, despite the importance of English language; there are many factors that affect teaching and learning English language over the years, particularly northern Nigeria. As result, most been done by researchers on those factors which affect teaching and learning English language at primary level. It is very important to emphasize here that the use of teaching materials/aid and use of instructional techniques/methods as well as the teaching and learning environment. Those factors have greatly affected teaching and learning English language to the pupils of primary level.
1.2 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
English as a subject at primary level keeps moving with some important factors such as the use of instructional techniques/methods, use of instructional materials/aid and the teaching and learning environment as well.