1.1 Background of the Study
Education provides children with the knowledge andskills necessary to advance themselves and their nation economically. To this effect, there are some socio-economic factors and political factors that often affect the level of performance of children who undergo the educational system more especially in Nigeria setting.
However, social is a concept that relate to human society and its mode of organization or rank and status in society, or interacting with other people and living communities. In other words, social is the culture of any given society in which they belong. Moreover, socio-economic factors such as family income level, parents’ level of education, all influence the equality and availability of education as well as the ability of education to improve children life. In connection to aforementioned facts, it is observed that at the family level, a parent send their children to school according to their level of influence or property. Hence, in Nigeria, wealthy parents send their children to private schools while poor parents send their children to schools while poor parents send their children to schools which may provide less effective learning facilities. Similarly, a clear illustration of Reni’s fact can be seen from the fact that in most Nigerian societies, especially in the metropolis, there are some primary and secondary schools that are meant for only children of a particular class. In other words, there are schools that can only be afforded by the children of the rich and there are schools children of the poor cannot afford. It is ascertained that the cultural background of the family is determined to a large extent by its socio-economic background, as the child grows up, moves out to the interest of wider society, his interaction with it and perception of it are largely determined from his/her earlier experiences at home. The setting and socializing influence moulds the personality of the child.