The poor plantain output problem in Anambra centers on the efficiency with which farmers use resourceson their plantain farm. It also borders on how the various factors that affect plantain production can beexamined, so as to improve plantain production in the country. The inefficiency problem is attributed tofactors such as use of low input technologies, lack of knowledge of high input technologies, amongstothers. The study therefore examined farmers’ productivity of improved plantain technologies in AnambraState, Nigeria. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics, productivity indices, multipleregression and gross margin analysis. Analysis of productivity indices based on resource use efficiencyshows that the farmers are highly efficient in the use of planting materials and labor. The results of themultiple regression analysis revealed that farmers’ age, farm size, household size, educational status,planting materials, extension contact and labor are the main determinants of plantain productivity in thestate. Gross margin per hectare of plantain averaged N988750 while net farm income averaged N980250.