The Nigerian fishing industry comprises of three major subsectors namely the artisanal; industrial and aquaculture. The awareness on the potential of aquaculture to contribute to domestic fish production has continued to increase in the country. This stems from the need to meet the much needed fish for domestic production and export. Fish species which are commonly cultured include Tilapia spp, Heterobranchus bodorsatis, Clarias gariepinus, Mugie spp, Chrysichthys cyprirus Carpio and Megalo spp (MOLFD 2007).
Fish culture is done in enclosure such as tanks. The aquaculture subsector contributes between 0.5% and 1% to Nigeria’s domestic fish production. The rapid increase in the demand for animal protein which is essentially higher in quality than plant protein). The average protein intake in Nigeria which is about 19.38/output/day is low and far below FAO requirement of 65g/output / day. The nutritional requirement is particular crucial in a developing country such as Nigeria where malnutrition and starvation are the major problems faced by million of rural dwellers. The low protein food in the diet of Nigerians. The consumption has been estimated to be 1.56267 metric tones Tabor (1990).