CHAPTER ONE: GENERAL INTRODUCTION 1.0 INTRODUCTION
Generally, humanbeings are the most precious part of civilization and most troublesome resources to manage in an organization. The responsibility build is more important than leadership in an organization. The development of people without leadership (in an organization is impossible because leadership is the back-borne of the development.
Leadership is an important aspect of managing. The ability to lead effectively is one of the keys to being an effective manager also undertaking the other essentials of managing. Doing the entire managerial job has an important bearing on ensuring that a manager will be an effective leader.
Leadership and motivation are closely interconnected. By understanding motivation, one can appreciate better what people want and why they act as they do. Leaders may not only respond to subordinates motivation but also arouse
or dampen them by means of the organizational climate they develop.
The essence of leadership is followership. It is the willingness of people to follow that makes a person a leader, moreover, people tend to follow whom they see as providing means of achieving their own desires, wants and needs.
Leadership transformed potentials into reality, it is the alternative act that brings to success all the potentials that is in an organization and its people. It is that people have concerned about it since the beginning of history.
By focusing on leadership, we do not mean to suggest that leadership in organization is a compartmentalized phenomenon. Indeed, leadership is a pervasive in every act of management.
The person who can mesh divergent and conflicting forces, recognize and create opportunities, use the influence and moral basis of his or her position, and employ the minimal amount of resources to maximally achieve publicly desired ends is in great demand everywhere.
Despite the obvious importance of leadership, the concept has been difficult to understand and the skill even harder to develop. When the average person thinks of leadership, the most common association is usually to charisma, in this view, leadership is regarded as a gift of influence over the behavior of others. Some of us have this gift and others simply do not.