Background of the study
Education is indispensable for all nations aspiring towards basic knowledge to achieve greatness. It is based on this premise that Ogbonnaya (2003) asserted that a nation that considers compulsory education for citizens sees it as an agent of sustainable growth and development. In recognition of the above, education in Nigeria is an instrument “par excellence for effecting national development” (Federal Republic of Nigeria, FRA, 2004: 49). Education represents the totality of the institutional structures and processes that determine both learning and teaching as the means for the transmission and improvement of a society’s repertoire of knowledge, ideas, abilities, beliefs, culture and morality from one generation to another (Ibrahim, 2004).
Okeke (2009) observed that the functionality of Nigeria’s education is in doubt from his research findings on the high rate of unemployment among educational output form primary to university levels in Nigeria. According to Nnamani (2007) statistics shows that up to 40% of graduates of tertiary institutions in Nigeria remain unemployed after the National Youth Services Corps. This ugly trend in educational output in Nigeria continues to grow unabated with severe consequences to the educations rector. The nation’s educational system has not provided enough job opportunities for its outputs or graduates (Haris, 2010). In recognition of the inability of the economy to absorb the teeming unemployed youths, the Federal Government of Nigeria though the National Education Research Development Council (NERDC) proposed the introduction of entrepreneurship education in the entire school curriculum in the country.
An entrepreneur is a person who takes risks, has initiative and creativity and makes things happen through the skills bestowed on the person (Obosode, 2009). An entrepreneur, therefore, applies creative and innovative talents to start their own business or project or expand one that already exists. The skills that will enable individuals operate their jobs or businesses have to be taught in schools by the teachers so as to realize the self-reliant bid of the government. The necessary skills needed to be impacted on the students are contained in the curriculum. The entrepreneurship education curriculum offers subjects like basic technology education and basic business education to enable individual students acquire the entrepreneurial skills which will enhance self-employment opportunity. Specifically the module of the entrepreneurship education curriculum incorporates the following goals.