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PROJECT TOPIC: EFFECT OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE ON EMPLOYEES PERFORMANCE (A STUDY OF HARDIS AND DROMEDAS UMUNYA, ANAMBRA STATE)

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background of the Study

Organizations are a constituent of people with different ideological orientations, values, opinions, and attitudes coming together cooperatively to achieve a goal. It therefore implies that the belief system, goals, objectives, philosophies are all part of the corporate culture of any organization, which are learned by every member of the organization. Organizational culture is one of the essential tools in understanding the behavior of people in organizations. It is a persuasive force that controls an employee’s work life; the thread that binds the entire organization together. In the other hand, organizational performance involves engaging in recurring activities aimed at establishing organizational goals, monitoring progress toward the goals, and making adjustments to achieve those goals more effectively and efficiently (Omoregbe and Umemezia, 2017). It also means having the different parts of an organization work together to achieve great results which are measured in terms of the value being delivered (Hopkins, 2004).

It is very necessary for an organization to establish an organizational culture to maintain its position in market. The organizational culture has to be developed to provide support to an organization and bring continuous improvement. The culture of an organization is very important for the progress of an organization because it impacts on employee commitment and their retention as well. If the culture of an organization is flexible it will provide such working environment to employees in which they may work easily and independently without feeling any burden. Every organization wants employee commitment because it is very important for an organizational effectiveness. If the employees understand the organizational culture properly so that there may be improvement in their performance the reason is that the employee‘s performance is the base of an organization. Organizational outcomes and success is derived by the individual contribution in the organization at all levels. If every individual performs according to the expected standards then organizational performance will be enhanced. It is for this reason that job performance is considered an extremely important criterion that translates into organizational outcomes and success; making it the backbone of every organization (Salihu, Rayyan and Umar, 2016).

However, Organizational outcomes and success is derived by the individual contribution in the organization at all levels. If every individual performs according to the expected standards then organizational performance will be enhanced. This therefore explains the reason why a good amount of time and resources have been invested in carrying out research in this field (Omondi, 2014). Conversely, Organizational outcomes and success is derived by the individual contribution in the organization at all levels. If every individual performs according to the expected standards then organizational performance will be enhanced but if they don’t perform as directed and according to expected standard it will retard the organization’s success.

Organizational culture comprises the unwritten customs, behaviors and beliefs that determine the “rules of the game” for decision-making, structure and power. It’s based on the shared history and traditions of the organization combined with current leadership values. In effect, culture dictates the way we do business here and the organizational survival tactics that facilitate assimilation and personal success (Dave and Urich, 2011).


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