A descriptive study was made about financial distress in some commercial banks using secondary statistics.This research work designed to describe the financial distress in some Commercial Bank in Nigeria.The study also took at the follow objective such as; nature and types of financial distress facing source commercial banks, the banks involved.It was also discovered that distress is caused is a result of poor management, insolvency, low asset base inadequacy of capital e.t.c.Therefore, commendation such as: Inadequate, Funding, Increased assets base, provisions for adequate liquidity.Also such research should be done to other non-financial banking institution and other West African Country.
1.1 BACKGROUND OFTHE STUDYIn Nigerian Banking system considering the last decade the Commercial Banking to be praise had undergone a rapid expansion both in terms of the number of Institution and the scope of financial services rendered.As bank increasing was liberalized so was the scared of instability sown in these banking system at the sometime.As these expansion trend continuous, a sign of lacked vision among the investors and the directs motive of quick return to satisfy liquidity operation. The word distress had been in assistance but increased promptly as these institution increased due to acute shortage of resources and the massive withdrawal of deposits by government agencies and other public sectors from these banks.The development trend the financial structure, exposed and undermine the economic system which impact development of the economy. Therefore, distress places a great burden on regulation, authority, depress the economy undermine the payment system and discourage savings.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMSome Commercial banks have been divided to assist in loans and advance to various sectors of the economy.And the Commercial banking is know as retail banking which accept deposit and makes payment to his customers.But the financial condition of source of these Commercial Banking due to the political instablility/lactory campaign that wad on. Political analyst describes the allocation to be one of the brutal crises that was to come. Therefore, there was price withdrawal of fund by these bank customers. These Institutes is now bogged down by distress, insolvency, poor liquidity due to deadline in deposit and the confidence. The crisis has been averted and the urgency prompted the study. This research work is disquiet to describe the financial distress in some Commercial Banking System in Nigeria.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDYThe objective of the study are:1. To describe the nature and types of financial distress.2. To identify some of the Commercial Banks involved in the distress in Nigeria.3. To identify the causes of financial distress in these Commercial Banks.4. To determine the level of distress in these Commercial Banks.5. To find out if the distress is caused by poor management.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDYThe importance of a health banking system cannot be over emphasized for so many reasons, ranging from the vital economic importance of the longe deposit at state to public confidence jobs and carear of people and the key role these banks plays in economic development.Also the benefit of finding solution of how to get a solution ofthe crisis will be found useful to invest or customers of these banks, the regulatory and supervisory authority and even the Government. The solution will also be useful to the managers in general of these banks.
1.5 LIMITATION OF THE STUDYThe study is limited within Enugu State due to insufficient t6ime to carryout the work.Apart from these factor the inability of accessing all distress Commercial Banks, financial contains also cause the limitation e.t.c.Other possible limitation to the study could be lack of transparency among the distressed banks to the researchers to avoid exposing their image. 1.6 DEDICATION OF TERMS DISTESS.As been defined by Hornby, it is the state of backing in difficult and needing help Smith and Wall 199:Ologun, 1994 defined distress as “Unhealthy”, Situation” or a state of inability or weakness which prevent the achievement of set goal and objective
1.7 FINANCIAL DISTRESSThis is when Financial Institute can no longer cope with their financial structure and require help. This could take various firms like, Insolence. Poor Management, Inliquidity, Lack of deposits. e.t.c.
1.8 COMMERCIAL BANKThis are Financial Institution referred to as retail bank. They accept and make payment on demand to their customers.
REFERENCEFirst Bank of Nigeria Plc, June 2000 “Determination of Commercial Banks Portfolio.
Sundaranjan .V. 1998: Banking Crisis and Adjustment: A paper presented during IMF Seminar.
Okigbo P.N.C. 1995: Nigerian Financial system longman pg 65.
Samsi J. O. 1998: Supervisor of Banking Industry in Nigeria.
Banston G. J 1996: Perspectives on safe and sound banking. Cambridge MIT press.
Nigerian Deposit Insurance Corporation 1996 Annual report and statement of account