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PROJECT TOPIC: RELEVANCE OF NEWSPAPER IN ENHANCING READING ABILITY AMONG STUDENTS A CASE STUDY OF SOME SELECTED UGII STUDENTS OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN THE DEPARTMENT OF MODERN EUROPEAN LANGUAGES AND LINGUISTICS

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CHAPTER ONE

1.0 Background to theStudy

The first newspaper to be published was a daily newssheet called actadium (daily event) which was in Rome around 15BC. This was followed by Dibao published in China in which caved wooden block were used in printing it during 700AD. Latter on newsletter and news sheet. (Official News sheet) 1500s and notizic scrite appeared which were posted up in public places in Vanice. They could be read on a payment of a coin as a reward called Gazzeta which became the common name for early newspaper. However, the first regularly printed newssheet called Avisa Relation ordezertung came on stage around 1609 in Germany. It was followed by the weekly frank – fauta it is a journal which was regarded as a world fist real newspaper in the year 1615, by Egonolphelmel Germany.

Then many countries began to havetheir own newspaper such as Dandan skemercius,. Denmark, the weekly news in England the Gazzeta de Mexico. In Mexico the courant in Netherland the Gozzeta in Spain and the ordinaire – postitinde in Sweden, vie domost in Russia the Halifax in

Denmark, the Chrotain intelligent sedler in Norway, lagaceta de santaein in Colombia, and world in India, India.

Since then, series of newspaper began to’ reveal themselves. Around 1797, newspaper become so comprehensive and widely circulated around the world some good examples are: The time published in Britain Noverzor Cherzeitung in Switzerland, the lapremise in Argentina, the daily telegraph and Manchester Guardian were also among the famous newspaper in England around 1800s. The mid 1800s, newspaper were able to cover news through out the world more quickly after invention of the electric telegraph and introduction of internal cable. Newspaper production was up by the Invention of votary printing.

Also in Africa preghanian was the first country to own a newspaper of its own in the year 1857. The newspaper was called the West Africa Herald.While in Nigeria the first newspaper in Nigeria was published in the year 1850, called IwehIrohin. But in French speaking Africa ledaire Cotedivoire began in 1935 and Congo (Zaire) witnessed its independence Africa Newspaper only in Lasa. When Nigeria gained her national independence in 1960, it had an array of colorful newspaper such as. The

Africa Pilot, the Daily Time, Eastern Time and Comment among others.



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