1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
In the present business environment, leadership styles have emerged as key to achieving greater organizational success because of their direct effect on employee motivation (Gopal and Chowdhury, 2014). Gouraki (2013) mention that human resources are one of the key components of organizational management, implying that human resource motivation is crucial to achieving set organizational goals and objectives.
According to Gopal and Chowdhury (2014), leadership styles are key factors that create and support high motivation levels among employees. Buble et al. (2014) showed a direct correlation between leadership style and employee motivation by demonstrating that an appropriate leadership style results in the most motivated workforce. Therefore, understanding the most appropriate and ideal leadership style is key to directing, influencing, changing, and controlling the behaviors of employees in the positive direction, a factor that results in a more motivated workforce.