1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
In Nigeria, the banking industry witnessed lots of challenges due to increase in the awareness and utilization of banking services. The demand for bank services equally increased the staff strength and branches of most Nigerian banks. In spite of this these adjustments the banks cannot satisfy the demands of some of their transactions were based on manual and physical present of their customers.
Modern Internet banking brought to relief to the increased volume and complexity of banking operations and services delivery. Experimentation with
Internet banking and electronic fund transfer gradually become part of daily transaction as arrangement were made with banks using microcomputer to pay some bill owed big department stores and companies, by this practices the internet becomes a service delivery mechanism of their customer has equally embraced it
Meanwhile information technology through Internet banking is radically changing how banking is done all over the world and Nigeria is not an exception. The volume and speed of banking transactions has improved tremendously as a result of the growth of internet banking which has created a lot of changes and business opportunities for banks, operate bodies and industries. Infact Nigeria is believed to be the largest Internet user in the West African with about 100,000 Internet users as at year 2000. It was estimated to have risen to 350,000 in 2001 and projected to hit has a million by the end of 2002
However, the population size of Nigeria calls for accelerated sensitization on the need to embrace information technology as the provision of an enabling environment for its operation. Internet is inevitable for the success of any modern banking institution since it is a competitive tool as it creates room for customized services and reduces the cost of operation, promotes profitability growth and efficient portfolio management.
The emergence of a crop of new generation banks coupled with computerization of the Nigerian financial sector motivated the introduction of high technology in the Nigerian banking system
Remarkably, information technology is dynamic continuously coming up in new challenges for human capital development virtually every Nigerian banks claims to be having internet banking and on-line union bank of Nigeria plc harbors large amount of information on-line and of course lowers the marketing distribution costs
Indeed internet banking has brought a greater advantages for one bank over another depending on its application, operation and service delivery.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
Banks since the inception of the use of Internet banking products in the late 1980’s have not made their presence felt much. These are as a result of problems associated with the use of Internet banking include the following:
1. Nigerian’s poor Infrastructures:
The first major challenge for the future of Internet banking is Nigerian’s poor infrastructure. Word Bank data indicates that in Nigeria there are only 6 computers and 4 mainline telephone lines per thousand people. Electricity supply is sporadic and inefficient. Most importantly, Nigeria has very low Internet penetration, with less than one Internet services provided per thousand people and only an estimated 30,000 Internet users out of over 100 million. In addition, Internet bandwidth is negligible when compared with more developed nation as they has been insufficient deregulation of the telecommunications sector to allow for investor to provide bandwidth and sell commercially. Finally, many of the area crucial to the financial sector such as the cleaning and trade processes are not automated which will limit the efficiency of internet banking in this country.