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PROJECT TOPIC: Comparative analysis of urinary tract infections among students

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ABSTRACT

Urinary tract infection (UTI) represents a serious health problem .The severity of urinary tract infection depends both on the virulence of the bacteria and the susceptibility of the host. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of urinary tract infection and demographic differentials among students. The objectives were to determine the proportion of students who have UTI, identify the common causative organism and to determine difference in UTI occurrence among students based on demographic variables. Two hundred and twenty five students within the period of study were investigated. Personal data were collected using a structured questionnaire. Early morning midstream clean urine samples were collected from all participants who were willing to participate for diagnosis of UTI. Urine samples were cultured using standard loop technique on blood agar, cystein lactose electrolyte deficient medium agar and macconkey agar. The result revealed that a total of 117 (52%) out of the 225 women had UTI. The organism most implicated was E. Coli (30.7%). Higher parity and older maternal age were significantly associated with UTI among students (P < .05). Gestational age, maternal level of education and maternal economic status were not significantly associated with the occurrence of UTI among students (P > .05). From the findings it was concluded that Screening for UTI is important in every students


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