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BIOLOGY PROJECT TOPICS AND RESEARCH MATERIALS


  • 1. ANTIMICROBIAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF YOUNGCocos nucifera(COCONUT) WATER...

    » 1.1 INTRODUCTION Medicinal plants represent a rich source of antimicrobials and many other drugs. The potentials ofhigher plants as a source for new drugs is still largely unexplored. Antibiotic resistance has become aglobal concern (West et al., 2004). The clinical efficacy of many existing antibiotics is beingthreatened by the emergence of multidrug resistant pathogens (Bandow, 2003). Manyinfect...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  25 engagements | 

  • 2. ANTIBIOGRAM AND MICROBIAL CARRIAGE OF CAMPUS SHUTTLE DOOR HANDLES IN FEDERAL UNI...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The spread of infectious disease through hand contact has been an area of major public health concern because of the frequent contact of the hand with fomites which are potential carriers of pathogenic organisms that may lead to an alarming rate of outbreaks of infections transmitted by the fomites. Worldwide annually there are 1.7 million de...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  26 engagements | 

  • 3. How to Evaluate Collaboration within Research and Innovation

    » 1. Introduction Political decisions are made in order to improve and strengthen regional development within the European Union. In this respect SMEs need access to knowledge, competence and collaboration, in order to increase their opportunities to develop competitiveness in products higher up in the value chain. The increasing rate of change in society also creates needs of decreasing the time fr...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  25 engagements | 

  • 4. E-Wallet Transactional Framework for Digital Economy: A Perspective from Islamic...

    » 1. Introduction Money is any item or verifiable record that is generally accepted as a payment for goods or services and repayment of debts. The main functions of money are as a medium of exchange, a unit of account, a store of value, and sometimes, a standard of deferred payment. The money should be fungible, durable, portable, recognizable and stable. Currently, people use digital currency as a ...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  19 engagements | 

  • 5. The Relationship between Person Organization Fit Toward Organizational Commitmen...

    » 1. Introduction Research on person organization fit (PO fit) was conducted to gain a deep understanding of increasing compatibility between employees and organization, with the aim of getting a more profound appreciation on how to retain employees for the long run by increasing employee satisfaction and commitment to improve strategic organizational growth (Kristof, 1996). Previous research of the...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  23 engagements | 

  • 6. Cooperative Classroom: How to Best Prepare New Generations for the 21st Century ...

    » 1. Introduction The generation gap has probably never been deeper than today. Communication technologies and media of the 21st century accelerated changes in how people process information, interact, and cooperate across a wide range of areas of the social spectrum. This transformation strongly affects the structure of business practices, entrepreneurship, and thus, the job market. To prepare a su...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  20 engagements | 

  • 7. Service Innovation Processes in SMEs in Upper Austria

    » 1. Introduction Upper Austria is considered one of the most prosperous and competitive regions not only in Austria, but also within the European Union. It is Austria’s most export oriented region and to keep the competitive edge, it needs to keep up with the current developments on domestic and international markets. Even though innovation as a mean to ensure competitiveness and increase pro...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  16 engagements | 

  • 8. The Use of E-payment Products and their Impact on Currency-in-Circulation in Nig...

    » 1. Introduction “Electronic money is expected to replace physical cash, if not all, small value payments continue to evoke considerable interest, both among the public and the various regulatory authorities.” (Papadopoulos, 2007).The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) took the initiative in 2011 to launch the cashless policy program. The objective was to achieve Nigeria’s vision 2020 ...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  19 engagements | 

  • 9. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF SICKLE CELL DISEASE AND RHESUS FACTOR COMPARABILITY AMONG...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY The prevalence of sickle cell anemia and Rhesus factor comparability have increased overtime time in Nigeria; thus causing an increase in mortality rate among children especially those below twenty (20) years of age (Kulkarni, 2007). It is widely believe that the causes of sickle cell anemia and Rhesus factor incompatibility is due to a high lev...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  106 engagements | 

  • 10. MACROPHYTE DISTRIBUTION IN RELATION TO WATER QUALITY PARAMETERS

    » ABSTRACT Macrophyte distribution in relation to water quality parameters in roadside ponds was studied in a seasonal wetland at Mkpat EninLocal Government Area of Akwa Ibom State. Systematic sampling method was used in sampling the vegetation using a quadrant of 5mx5m space at regular intervals. The vegetation parameters such as density and frequency were determined. Water sample was also collecte...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  52 engagements | 

  • 11. PREVALENCE OF URINARY TRACT PARASITES IN PATIENTS ATTENDING FEDERAL MEDICAL CE...

    » Abstract The prevalence of urinary tract parasites in patients attending Federal Medical Center Makurdi was examined in this study. Parasitic infections are important part of infectious disease. However in this context, the possible interactions between the microorganisms in the urinary tract remain unknown. Among 300 microbilogical urines tests that have been performed from patients of Federal Me...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  214 engagements | 

  • 12. EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES AND MOLECULAR CHARACTERISATION OF DERMATOPHYTES

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study Over the years, there has been increasing abandonment of houses and infrastructural facilities in Niger central Senatorial District which has led to the dilapidation, degradation and deterioration of buildings and infrastructural structures. Recently there has been a lot of research investigations and analyse which points unshakably to the f...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  860 engagements | 

  • 13. THE INCIDENCE OF CHOLERA AMONG CHILDREN

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Cholera is an infection of the small intestine that is caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae 01 and 0139 (Riyan 2004 & WHO 2010). The main symptoms are profuse watery diarrhea and vomiting. Transmission is primarily through consuming contaminated drinking water or food. The severity of the diarrhea and vomiting can lead to rapid dehydr...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  1,072 engagements | 

  • 14. STUDIES ON THE ROLE OF HOUSEFLY (Musca domestica) IN THE TRANSMISSION OF MEDICAL...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background Information The housefly Muscado mestica is a fly of the order Diptera, it is the most common of all domestic flies, accounting for about 91% of family Muscidae and indeed one of the most widely spread insects found all over the world (Jeffrey et al., 2000). It is considered a pest that can carry pathogens responsible for diseases (Scott et al., 2014). H...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  1,089 engagements | 

  • 15. PREVALENCE OF URINARY TRACT PARASITES IN PATIENTS

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background Information The housefly Muscado mestica is a fly of the order Diptera, it is the most common of all domestic flies, accounting for about 91% of family Muscidae and indeed one of the most widely spread insects found all over the world (Jeffrey et al., 2000). It is considered a pest that can carry pathogens responsible for diseases (Scott et al., 2014). H...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  681 engagements | 

  • 16. PREVALENCE OF TRICHOMONIASIS AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Trichomonas vaginalis is an anaerobic, flagellated protozoan parasite and the causative agent of trichomoniasis. It is the most common pathogenic protozoan infection of humans in industrialized countries. Infection rates between men and women are similar with women being symptomatic, while infections in men are usually asymptomatic. Transmis...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  554 engagements | 

  • 17. PREVALENCE OF GASTRO-INTESTINAL AND ECTO PARASITES OF GOATS AND SHEEP

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Grazing ruminants are affected by a range of internal (e.g. worms, fluke, protozoa) and external parasites (e.g. sheep scab). As a general rule these diseases are most prevalent in young, susceptible stock and usually occur at certain periods in their first grazing season. In contrast, sheep scab represents a threat to stock of all ages. Alth...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  398 engagements | 

  • 18. NASAL CARRIERS OF STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE AMONG CHILDREN BETWEEN 0 – 5 YEARS

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Streptococcus pneumoniae (Pneumococcus) bacteria are lancet shaped, Gram positive, facultative anaerobic bacteria with more than ninety (90) known serotypes. Streptococcus pneumoniae colonize the mucosal surfaces in the nasopharynx of human beings from the first day of life through transmission by contact with respiratory secretions, thereby ...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  338 engagements | 

  • 19. MIXED INFECTION EFFECTS OF Fusariumoxysporum AND THE Meloidogyne incognita ON TH...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.1 INTRODUCTION HISTORY AND ORIGIN OF TOMATO The word “tomato” comes from the Spanish tomate. It first appeared in print in 1595. A member of the deadly nightshade family, tomatoes were erroneously thought to be poisonous (although the leaves are) by Europeans who were suspicious of their bright, shiny fruit. It is edible, often red fruit/berry of the nightshade Solanum ly...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  285 engagements | 

  • 20. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF COMMINANTS ANS WATER QUALITY BETWEEN HAND DUG WELLS AND ...

    » CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Background of the study Technical and vocational education could be defined as those aspects of education process involving in addition to general education, the study of technologies and related sciences and the acquisition of practical skills, attitude, understanding and knowledge relating to occupation in various sectors of economic and social life. National policy on edu...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  1,063 engagements | 

. ABSTRACT, Proposals, Literature Reviews, Aims & Objectives, Methodology, Surveys & Implementations