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BIOLOGY PROJECT TOPICS AND RESEARCH MATERIALS


  • 41. THE EFFECTS OF QUALIFICATION OF BIOLOGY TEACHERS ON THE PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY...

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY The quality of education is directly related to the quality of instruction in the classrooms. It is a fact that the academic qualifications, knowledge of the subject matter, competence, and skills of teaching and the commitment of the teacher have effective impact on the teaching learning process (National Education Policy 1998 2010). Quality im...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  68 engagements | 

  • 42. GENETIC DIVERSITY IN NATURAL POPULATIONS OF DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER MEIGEN, 1830...

    » CHAPTER TWO 2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 Drosophila melanogaster Drosophila melanogaster belongs to the Kingdom: Animalia, Phylum:Arthropoda, Class: Insecta, Order: Diptera, Family: Drosophilidae, Genus: Drosophila, Subgenus: Sophophora, Species: melanogaster. The species is known generally as the common fruit fly or vinegar fly (Meigen, 1830). Ashburner et al. (2005), in their various investigations...Continue Reading »

    48 pages |  87 engagements | 

  • 43. EVALUATION OF NITRATE REDUCTASE ASSAY FOR DETECTION OF MULTI-DRUG RESISTANT MYCO...

    » ABSTRACT Multi drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) remains a major challenge for the control of tuberculosis worldwide. Susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates to first line drugs is therefore necessary to ascertain the diagnosis of MDR TB. A total of 437 re treatment patients’ samples were screened for Acid Fast Bacilli (AFB), 72 were smear positive giving a prevalenc...Continue Reading »

    48 pages |  71 engagements | 

  • 44. EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES AND MOLECULAR CHARACTERISATION OF DERMATOPHYTES AMONG A...

    » ABSTRACT Dermatophytes are fungi that have the capacity to invade keratinised tissues of humans and animals to produce an infection. The study was conducted to determine the epidemiology and molecular characterisation to identify of the dermatophytes associated with almajirai in Makarfi Local Government Area (L. G. A.) of Kaduna State. Samples were collected from the almajirai that had lesions on ...Continue Reading »

    48 pages |  69 engagements | 

  • 45. EGG CHOLESTEROL LEVEL AND BLOOD BIOCHEMICAL PROFILE OF SIX SPECIES OF POULTRY UN...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION The poultry industry is a highly profitable business in Nigeria (Adebambo et al., 1999) and it is one area of animal production with significant contribution to human food production in egg and meat. Poultry products provide protein of high biological value (Epstein, 1990). Nigeria is endowed with many poultry species which are indigenous to the country and includes: t...Continue Reading »

    48 pages |  80 engagements | 

  • 46. DETOXIFICATION AND ANTI-NUTRIENT REDUCTION OF JATROPHA CURCAS SEED CAKE BY FERME...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background Information Jatropha curcas is a species of flowering plant in the Euphorbiaceae family. It is native to the American tropics, especially Mexico and Central America (Janick and Robert, 2008). It is cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions around the world, becoming naturalized in some areas. The specific epithet, "curcas", was first used by the Por...Continue Reading »

    48 pages |  56 engagements | 

  • 47. COMPARATIVE STUDY OF GLUTAMIC ACID PRODUCTION BY WILD-TYPE AND MUTANT STRAINS OF...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background Corynebacterium glutamicum is a rod shaped Gram positive aerobic bacterium, which can be found in soil, sewages, vegetables, and fruits (Eggeling and Bott, 2005). This bacterium is capable of utilizing various sugars as well as organic acids (Blombach and Seibold, 2010). Among others, C. glutamicum has the ability to metabolize glucose, fructose, and suc...Continue Reading »

    48 pages |  45 engagements | 

  • 48. BACTERIOLOGICAL AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF INDUSTRIAL AND DOMESTIC...

    » ABSTRACT Bacteriological analysis of the water samples such as heterotrophic counts, coliform counts, Faecal Coliform/Faecal Streptococci (FC/FS) ratio were carried out following standard procedures. Gram negative bacteria and Gram positive Staphylococcal species were identified using ID 32E and Microbact 12S kits respectively. Susceptibility of the isolates to ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, cefuroxime...Continue Reading »

    48 pages |  68 engagements | 

  • 49. ASSESSMENT OF HEAVY METALS IN WILD AND FARMED AFRICAN CATFISH CLARIAS GARIEPINUS...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study In recent years the concentrations of toxic metals in many ecosystems are reaching unprecedented levels. The increasing use of metals in industry and mining activities have led to serious environmental pollution through effluents and emanations (Güven et al., 1999). Under certain environmental conditions, heavy metals may accumulate and...Continue Reading »

    48 pages |  46 engagements | 

  • 50. THE EFFICACY OF CARBON EMISSIONS TRADING FOR CLIMATE POLICY IN THE CONTEXT OF SU...

    » ...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  49 engagements | 

  • 51. UTILIZATION OF FERMENTED MUCUNA PRURIENS LEAF MEAL AS A REPLACEMENT FOR SOYABEAN...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study The intensive production of farmed fish with compound feeds, has been largely increased mainly due to the growth of aquaculture production, and also because it is the most efficient way of production to meet the fish demand (Olsen and Hasan, 2012). Although, capture fishery production has been relatively stable at about 90 million tonnes sin...Continue Reading »

    48 pages |  48 engagements | 

  • 52. TOXICITY OF TEXTILE EFFLUENT ON OREOCHROMIS NILOTICUS

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION One of the most challenging problems encountered in Nigeria is the improper disposal of industrial effluents into water bodies. These effluents from industries have a great deal of influence have a great deal of influence on the pollution of the water body, these effluents can alter the physical, chemical and the nature of the receiving water body (Sangodoyin, 1995). W...Continue Reading »

    48 pages |  56 engagements | 

  • 53. TOXICITY OF ATRAZINE (HERBICIDE) TO JUVENILES OF THE AFRICAN CATFISH, CLARIAS GA...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background Information The ever increasing world population and the attendant increase in food demandnecessitated that new ways of increasing agricultural output be sought. In an attempt to increase agricultural output, man relies heavily on the use of chemicals to protect crops from pests, right from the time of dressing of seeds before planting, through fighting ...Continue Reading »

    48 pages |  59 engagements | 

  • 54. SEROPREVALENCE AND MOLECULAR DETECTION OF RUBELLA VIRUS AMONG WOMEN OF REPRODUCT...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study Rubella is a mild viral illness commonly known as German measles though its etiologic agent differs from Measles (Nayeri and Thung, 2013; NICE, 2013). It is also called „three day measles‟ because of the short duration of the rash (Bubuk et al., 2002; Elias and Ruselle, 2014). Rubella rash starts on the face and neck and spreads cent...Continue Reading »

    48 pages |  45 engagements | 

  • 55. SCREENING FOR VANCOMYCIN RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS AMONG PATIENTS ATTENDIN...

    » CHAPTER TWO 2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 Microbiology of Staphylococci 2.1.1 Morphology The name Staphylococcus is derived from the Greek term staphyle, meaning "a bunch of grapes". This name refers to the fact that the cells of these gram positive cocci grow in a pattern resembling a cluster of grapes. However, Staphylococci are spherical cells about 1 mm in diameter arranged in irregular clusters. ...Continue Reading »

    48 pages |  56 engagements | 

  • 56. REPLACEMENT OF GLYCINE MAX (L.) Merr. WITH TAMARINDUS INDICA L. SEED IN THE DIET...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study Fish is an important source of both food and income to many people in developing countries. The exponential growth of the aquaculture sector during the past two decades is a result of the progressive intensification of production systems and use of quality feeds, which meet the nutritional requirements of cultured fish (FAO, 2006). Stimulate...Continue Reading »

    48 pages |  35 engagements | 

  • 57. PREVALENCE OF SCHISTOSOMIASIS AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN DAKACE DISTRICT,...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study Schistosomes are important human and animal parasites throughout Africa, Asia and South America, predominantly in rural areas that support agriculture and inland fisheries. The distribution of Schistosomes are linked to that of their snail intermediate hosts (Bulinus and Biomphlaria spp.), which differ in their habitat preferences for slow f...Continue Reading »

    48 pages |  59 engagements | 

  • 58. IN VITRO AND IN VIVO ANTICOCCIDIAL ACTIVITIES OF EXTRACTS OF KHAYA

    » Chapter One 1.0 Introduction Coccidiosis is one of the most detrimental and lethal management diseases of poultry (Gyorke et al., 2013; Khan et al., 2008). Chickens are susceptible to at least nine (9) species of Coccidia (but only five are pathogenic) (Jordan, 1990). The most common and pathogenic species are Eimeria tenella which causes caecal coccidiosis and Eimeria necatrix (Gyorke et al., 201...Continue Reading »

    48 pages |  39 engagements | 

  • 59. THE EFFECT OF LONG TERM ADMINISTRATION OF ARTEMETHER/LUMENFANTRINE ON SEMEN QUAL...

    » ABSTRACT This study was designed to investigate the effects of long term administration of Artmether/Lumenfantrine on semen quality and histology of the testis in albino mice. This study lasted for twenty three (23) days, within which the mice were acclimatized, inoculated with Plasmodium berghei parasite, administered with Artemeter/Lumenfantrine and sacrificed. A total of twenty five (25) mice w...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  72 engagements | 

  • 60. INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE MARKERS IN MALARIAL INFECTED MICE RECEIVING PHYLLANTHUS AMA...

    » ABSTRACT Phyllanthus amarus has been consistently reported as a rich herb having medicinal value and ethnomedical importance. It has been used to eliminate gallstone, malaria and some other aliments, but the effect of its use on changes in ocular glucose, proteins and lipids — analytes that influence intraocular pressure, has not been fully documented. So, in this study, the effect of ethano...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  55 engagements | 

. ABSTRACT, Proposals, Literature Reviews, Aims & Objectives, Methodology, Surveys & Implementations