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BIOLOGY PROJECT TOPICS AND RESEARCH MATERIALS


  • 41. EFFECTS OF DRYING METHODS ON NUTRIENT CONTENTS OF MORINGA OLEIFERA (LAM.) LEAVE...

    » ABSTRACT The study was carried out to determine the effect of drying methods on the nutrient contents of Moringa oleifera at the Agric. Chemical Laboratory (Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto) and The Energy Research Field of Sokoto Energy Center, Sokoto. Fresh leaves were collected and cleaned then dried using different drying methods viz. shade drying, solar drying, oven drying and sun drying. T...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  186 engagements | 

  • 42. THE COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE INVITRO PRODUCTION OF AMYLASE BY SPECIES OF BACILLU...

    » ABSTRACT Comparative study of biodegradation of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) by Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa was studied for 16 days. Starch hydrolysis test was conducted on Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa to detect starch degradation and amylase potentiality. Clear zone of hydrolysis was observed which indicates the ability of both organisms to degrade the complex ca...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  76 engagements | 

  • 43. IN VITRO STUDIES IN TO THE EFFICACY OF CITRUS PEELS (ORANGE, LEMON AND GRAPE) CO...

    » ABSTRACT The extracts of fresh peels of lemon, orange, and grapefruit showed significant nematostatic effect against M. incognita second stage juveniles after 48 h treatment. The nemticidal activity was very low in all the extracts of fresh peels but was greatly enhanced in the extracts of stored pulpified peels with 90.8 %, 93.5 %, and 85.0 % mortality of nematodes for lemon, orange, and grapefru...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  103 engagements | 

  • 44. ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF LEPTADENIA HASTATA ON SOME SELECTED BACTERIA

    » ABSTRACT The phytochemical analysis and antibacterial activities of the ethanol, methanol and aqueous (cold water) extracts of the leaves of Leptadenia hastata were investigated against some selected pathogenic bacteria which include Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhi, Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa at 62.5, 125, 250 and 500mg/ml concentrations using Agar well diffusion method. T...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  105 engagements | 

  • 45. MICROBIOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF INDOOR AND OUTDOOR AIR OF FAITH MEDIPLEX HOSPITAL,...

    » ABSTRACT This study was aimed at investigating the microbial load and the quality of indoor air Faith Mediplex Centre, Benin City, to ascertain their contribution to infection rate in the hospital. Air samples were assessed for three (3) months (June August, 2015) using the settled plate methods. The study sites were divided into five (5) units; male medical ward, female medical ward, treatment ro...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  111 engagements | 

  • 46. EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON THE POPULATION OF HYDROCARBON DEGRADING BACTERIA IN PAL...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.1 INTRODUCTION Palm oil is one of the most important vegetable oil in the world’s oil fat market. The extraction and purification processes generate different kinds of wastes generally known as palm oil mill effluent (POME).The biode gradation of hydrocarbons by microorganisms has become the main mechanism for eliminating palm oil and petroleum derived pollution in the environm...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  133 engagements | 

  • 47. THE INCIDENCE OF BACILLUS CEREUS FROM THE PREPARATION TO CONSUMPTION OF TUWO.

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Bacillus cereus is the cause of two kinds of food borne diseases, an emetic (vomiting) intoxication due to the ingestion of a toxin (cereulide) pre formed in the food and a diarrhoeal infection due to the ingestion of bacterial cells/spores which produce enterotoxins in the small intestine (Lubenau .C. 1906). Other Bacillus spp, Bacillus sub...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  106 engagements | 

  • 48. TOTAL BIOLOAD AND INCIDENCE OF ESCHERICHIA COLI IN READY-TO-EAT MEALS SOLD IN TH...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION Jollof rice is a cooking variation of rice which involves a grain of monocotyledonous plant, Oryza sativa and is the most popular staple food for a large part of the world human population, especially in Africa, Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Latin America and the West Indies (Boyce et al. 1996). Rice is the grain with the second highest worldwide production after ma...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  81 engagements | 

  • 49. ASSESSMENT OF LACTOBACILLI FROM NONO AND OGI TWO LOCALLY FERMENTED FOODS FOR HYP...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION The incidence of hypercholesterolemia is increasing rapidly with the implements people’s living standard and alteration of life style. Hypercholesterolemia is characterized by high level of cholesterol in the blood. rdiovascular disease due to atherosclerosis of the arterial vessels wall and to the thrombosis is the cause of premature mortality and a disability a...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  100 engagements | 

  • 50. HEMATOLOGY AND PLASMA CHEMISTRY REFERENCE OF OREOCHROMIS HYBRID AND CLARIAS GARI...

    » ABSTRACT Tilapia and catfish are a commonly aquaculture fish yet little is known about their normal physiology and response to disease. The present study was carried out to determine the result of complete hematologic and plasma chemistry profile of cat fish Clarias gariepinus (n = 15), and tilapia Oreochromis hybrid (n = 15) obtained from a commercial pond in Gwagwalada and a lake source in jabi ...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  87 engagements | 

  • 51. THE PREVALENCE OF ENDOPARASITES IN THE GASTRO-INTESTINAL TRACTS OF NILE TILAPIA ...

    » CHAPTER ONE Fishing is an important component of aquaculture in Nigeria. Fish is important as a source of protein with low cholesterol level in the diets of the populace and economically as a source of subsistence income (Aken’ova, 2000). In line with the increasing aquaculture activities, substantial information has been generated on aquaculture related subjects in the country. An exception...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  122 engagements | 

  • 52. THE ANTI-MALARIA ACTIVITY OF CRUDE LEAF EXTRACT OF PHYLLANTUS AMARUS AND SOLANUM...

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Medicinal Plant Medicinal plants are various plants which can have medicinal properties. Plants in most developing countries, as a basis for promoting and maintenance of good health, has been widely recognized (UNESCO, 1996). Historically, plants have provided a source of inspiration for novel drug compounds, as plant derived medicines have made large contributions to ...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  111 engagements | 

  • 53. THE EFFECT OF MOSQUITO ON MAN: A CASE STUDY OF SOME SELECTED AREAS IN OVIA NORT ...

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Globally, mosquitoes without questioned the most important of the insects. At present time over 200 million people in over a hundred and subtropical countries of the world live under the threat of mosquito. According to world Health Organization (WHO) it is estimated that mosquito causes or contributes to the deaths of between one and three mill...Continue Reading »

    66 pages |  210 engagements | 

  • 54. CAUSES AND EFFECT OF POOR NUTRITION ON CHILDREN UNDER THE AGE OF 15 YEARS: A CAS...

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Poor nutrition is a cause of deficiency disease in humans that are directly or indirectly caused by a lack of essential nutrients in the diet. Poor nutrition is as old as man’s existence on earth. Nutrition particular in protein and energy giving food which the world health organization (WHO) referred to as silent emergency is an accomplice in...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  267 engagements | 

  • 55. PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH IMMUNIZATION OF CHILDREN AMONG THE ILLITERATE MOTHERS I...

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The immunization of a new born child is a very important way of preventing illness considering the way common diseases that claimed the life of children. According to Oichl and Datrymple (2009) when more than 50% of a community population are immunized against a disease, the possibility of epidemic is removed. Supporting this view, Ogbuibe (2005...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  213 engagements | 

  • 56. ANTIMICROBIAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF YOUNGCocos nucifera(COCONUT) WATER...

    » 1.1 INTRODUCTION Medicinal plants represent a rich source of antimicrobials and many other drugs. The potentials ofhigher plants as a source for new drugs is still largely unexplored. Antibiotic resistance has become aglobal concern (West et al., 2004). The clinical efficacy of many existing antibiotics is beingthreatened by the emergence of multidrug resistant pathogens (Bandow, 2003). Manyinfect...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  160 engagements | 

  • 57. ANTIBIOGRAM AND MICROBIAL CARRIAGE OF CAMPUS SHUTTLE DOOR HANDLES IN FEDERAL UNI...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The spread of infectious disease through hand contact has been an area of major public health concern because of the frequent contact of the hand with fomites which are potential carriers of pathogenic organisms that may lead to an alarming rate of outbreaks of infections transmitted by the fomites. Worldwide annually there are 1.7 million de...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  114 engagements | 

  • 58. How to Evaluate Collaboration within Research and Innovation

    » 1. Introduction Political decisions are made in order to improve and strengthen regional development within the European Union. In this respect SMEs need access to knowledge, competence and collaboration, in order to increase their opportunities to develop competitiveness in products higher up in the value chain. The increasing rate of change in society also creates needs of decreasing the time fr...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  118 engagements | 

  • 59. E-Wallet Transactional Framework for Digital Economy: A Perspective from Islamic...

    » 1. Introduction Money is any item or verifiable record that is generally accepted as a payment for goods or services and repayment of debts. The main functions of money are as a medium of exchange, a unit of account, a store of value, and sometimes, a standard of deferred payment. The money should be fungible, durable, portable, recognizable and stable. Currently, people use digital currency as a ...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  152 engagements | 

  • 60. The Relationship between Person Organization Fit Toward Organizational Commitmen...

    » 1. Introduction Research on person organization fit (PO fit) was conducted to gain a deep understanding of increasing compatibility between employees and organization, with the aim of getting a more profound appreciation on how to retain employees for the long run by increasing employee satisfaction and commitment to improve strategic organizational growth (Kristof, 1996). Previous research of the...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  106 engagements | 

. ABSTRACT, Proposals, Literature Reviews, Aims & Objectives, Methodology, Surveys & Implementations