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BIOLOGY PROJECT TOPICS AND RESEARCH MATERIALS


  • 81. EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON THE POPULATION OF HYDROCARBON DEGRADING BACTERIA IN PAL...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.1 INTRODUCTION Palm oil is one of the most important vegetable oil in the world’s oil fat market. The extraction and purification processes generate different kinds of wastes generally known as palm oil mill effluent (POME).The biode gradation of hydrocarbons by microorganisms has become the main mechanism for eliminating palm oil and petroleum derived pollution in the environm...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  335 engagements | 

  • 82. THE INCIDENCE OF BACILLUS CEREUS FROM THE PREPARATION TO CONSUMPTION OF TUWO.

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Bacillus cereus is the cause of two kinds of food borne diseases, an emetic (vomiting) intoxication due to the ingestion of a toxin (cereulide) pre formed in the food and a diarrhoeal infection due to the ingestion of bacterial cells/spores which produce enterotoxins in the small intestine (Lubenau .C. 1906). Other Bacillus spp, Bacillus sub...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  322 engagements | 

  • 83. TOTAL BIOLOAD AND INCIDENCE OF ESCHERICHIA COLI IN READY-TO-EAT MEALS SOLD IN TH...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION Jollof rice is a cooking variation of rice which involves a grain of monocotyledonous plant, Oryza sativa and is the most popular staple food for a large part of the world human population, especially in Africa, Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Latin America and the West Indies (Boyce et al. 1996). Rice is the grain with the second highest worldwide production after ma...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  262 engagements | 

  • 84. ASSESSMENT OF LACTOBACILLI FROM NONO AND OGI TWO LOCALLY FERMENTED FOODS FOR HYP...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION The incidence of hypercholesterolemia is increasing rapidly with the implements people’s living standard and alteration of life style. Hypercholesterolemia is characterized by high level of cholesterol in the blood. rdiovascular disease due to atherosclerosis of the arterial vessels wall and to the thrombosis is the cause of premature mortality and a disability a...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  269 engagements | 

  • 85. HEMATOLOGY AND PLASMA CHEMISTRY REFERENCE OF OREOCHROMIS HYBRID AND CLARIAS GARI...

    » ABSTRACT Tilapia and catfish are a commonly aquaculture fish yet little is known about their normal physiology and response to disease. The present study was carried out to determine the result of complete hematologic and plasma chemistry profile of cat fish Clarias gariepinus (n = 15), and tilapia Oreochromis hybrid (n = 15) obtained from a commercial pond in Gwagwalada and a lake source in jabi ...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  283 engagements | 

  • 86. THE PREVALENCE OF ENDOPARASITES IN THE GASTRO-INTESTINAL TRACTS OF NILE TILAPIA ...

    » CHAPTER ONE Fishing is an important component of aquaculture in Nigeria. Fish is important as a source of protein with low cholesterol level in the diets of the populace and economically as a source of subsistence income (Aken’ova, 2000). In line with the increasing aquaculture activities, substantial information has been generated on aquaculture related subjects in the country. An exception...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  360 engagements | 

  • 87. THE ANTI-MALARIA ACTIVITY OF CRUDE LEAF EXTRACT OF PHYLLANTUS AMARUS AND SOLANUM...

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Medicinal Plant Medicinal plants are various plants which can have medicinal properties. Plants in most developing countries, as a basis for promoting and maintenance of good health, has been widely recognized (UNESCO, 1996). Historically, plants have provided a source of inspiration for novel drug compounds, as plant derived medicines have made large contributions to ...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  292 engagements | 

  • 88. THE EFFECT OF MOSQUITO ON MAN: A CASE STUDY OF SOME SELECTED AREAS IN OVIA NORT ...

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Globally, mosquitoes without questioned the most important of the insects. At present time over 200 million people in over a hundred and subtropical countries of the world live under the threat of mosquito. According to world Health Organization (WHO) it is estimated that mosquito causes or contributes to the deaths of between one and three mill...Continue Reading »

    66 pages |  453 engagements | 

  • 89. CAUSES AND EFFECT OF POOR NUTRITION ON CHILDREN UNDER THE AGE OF 15 YEARS: A CAS...

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Poor nutrition is a cause of deficiency disease in humans that are directly or indirectly caused by a lack of essential nutrients in the diet. Poor nutrition is as old as man’s existence on earth. Nutrition particular in protein and energy giving food which the world health organization (WHO) referred to as silent emergency is an accomplice in...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  634 engagements | 

  • 90. PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH IMMUNIZATION OF CHILDREN AMONG THE ILLITERATE MOTHERS I...

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The immunization of a new born child is a very important way of preventing illness considering the way common diseases that claimed the life of children. According to Oichl and Datrymple (2009) when more than 50% of a community population are immunized against a disease, the possibility of epidemic is removed. Supporting this view, Ogbuibe (2005...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  503 engagements | 

  • 91. ANTIMICROBIAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF YOUNGCocos nucifera(COCONUT) WATER...

    » 1.1 INTRODUCTION Medicinal plants represent a rich source of antimicrobials and many other drugs. The potentials ofhigher plants as a source for new drugs is still largely unexplored. Antibiotic resistance has become aglobal concern (West et al., 2004). The clinical efficacy of many existing antibiotics is beingthreatened by the emergence of multidrug resistant pathogens (Bandow, 2003). Manyinfect...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  354 engagements | 

  • 92. ANTIBIOGRAM AND MICROBIAL CARRIAGE OF CAMPUS SHUTTLE DOOR HANDLES IN FEDERAL UNI...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The spread of infectious disease through hand contact has been an area of major public health concern because of the frequent contact of the hand with fomites which are potential carriers of pathogenic organisms that may lead to an alarming rate of outbreaks of infections transmitted by the fomites. Worldwide annually there are 1.7 million de...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  322 engagements | 

  • 93. How to Evaluate Collaboration within Research and Innovation

    » 1. Introduction Political decisions are made in order to improve and strengthen regional development within the European Union. In this respect SMEs need access to knowledge, competence and collaboration, in order to increase their opportunities to develop competitiveness in products higher up in the value chain. The increasing rate of change in society also creates needs of decreasing the time fr...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  315 engagements | 

  • 94. E-Wallet Transactional Framework for Digital Economy: A Perspective from Islamic...

    » 1. Introduction Money is any item or verifiable record that is generally accepted as a payment for goods or services and repayment of debts. The main functions of money are as a medium of exchange, a unit of account, a store of value, and sometimes, a standard of deferred payment. The money should be fungible, durable, portable, recognizable and stable. Currently, people use digital currency as a ...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  366 engagements | 

  • 95. The Relationship between Person Organization Fit Toward Organizational Commitmen...

    » 1. Introduction Research on person organization fit (PO fit) was conducted to gain a deep understanding of increasing compatibility between employees and organization, with the aim of getting a more profound appreciation on how to retain employees for the long run by increasing employee satisfaction and commitment to improve strategic organizational growth (Kristof, 1996). Previous research of the...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  270 engagements | 

  • 96. Cooperative Classroom: How to Best Prepare New Generations for the 21st Century ...

    » 1. Introduction The generation gap has probably never been deeper than today. Communication technologies and media of the 21st century accelerated changes in how people process information, interact, and cooperate across a wide range of areas of the social spectrum. This transformation strongly affects the structure of business practices, entrepreneurship, and thus, the job market. To prepare a su...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  278 engagements | 

  • 97. Service Innovation Processes in SMEs in Upper Austria

    » 1. Introduction Upper Austria is considered one of the most prosperous and competitive regions not only in Austria, but also within the European Union. It is Austria’s most export oriented region and to keep the competitive edge, it needs to keep up with the current developments on domestic and international markets. Even though innovation as a mean to ensure competitiveness and increase pro...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  251 engagements | 

  • 98. The Use of E-payment Products and their Impact on Currency-in-Circulation in Nig...

    » 1. Introduction “Electronic money is expected to replace physical cash, if not all, small value payments continue to evoke considerable interest, both among the public and the various regulatory authorities.” (Papadopoulos, 2007).The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) took the initiative in 2011 to launch the cashless policy program. The objective was to achieve Nigeria’s vision 2020 ...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  293 engagements | 

  • 99. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF SICKLE CELL DISEASE AND RHESUS FACTOR COMPARABILITY AMONG...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY The prevalence of sickle cell anemia and Rhesus factor comparability have increased overtime time in Nigeria; thus causing an increase in mortality rate among children especially those below twenty (20) years of age (Kulkarni, 2007). It is widely believe that the causes of sickle cell anemia and Rhesus factor incompatibility is due to a high lev...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  885 engagements | 

  • 100. MACROPHYTE DISTRIBUTION IN RELATION TO WATER QUALITY PARAMETERS

    » ABSTRACT Macrophyte distribution in relation to water quality parameters in roadside ponds was studied in a seasonal wetland at Mkpat EninLocal Government Area of Akwa Ibom State. Systematic sampling method was used in sampling the vegetation using a quadrant of 5mx5m space at regular intervals. The vegetation parameters such as density and frequency were determined. Water sample was also collecte...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  376 engagements | 

. ABSTRACT, Proposals, Literature Reviews, Aims & Objectives, Methodology, Surveys & Implementations