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CHEMICAL ENGINEERING PROJECT TOPICS AND RESEARCH MATERIALS


  • 1. THE BLEACHING OF PALM OIL USING ACTIVATED CHARCOAL

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 PREAMBLE Palm oil is one of the various types of vegetable oils, belonging to the group called liquids, because of its fatty acids content. The majority of the fats contains some colouring matter either as a natural constituent or discoloration produced during the processing. Natural pigments present in vegetable oils are mainly the carotenoid, giving yellow and red co...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  23 engagements | 

  • 2. THE USE OF LOCAL PIGMENTS AND EXTENDERS FOR FORMULATION AND PRODUCTION OF EMULSI...

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Paint is a fluid, or semi fluid material which may be applied to surfaces in relatively thin layers, and which changes to a solid coating with time. The coating with time. The change to a solid material may or may not be reversible, and may occur by evaporation of solvent by chemical reaction, or by a combination of the two. Paints usually consist of vehicle or binder, a p...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  26 engagements | 

  • 3. THE FABRICATION FOR A SET OF SIEVES AND SAKER

    » CHAPTER ONE1. 1 INTRODUCTIONThe word perfume derives from the latin ―per fumum‖ meaning through smoke, is fragrant liquid that is sprayed or rubbed on the skin or clothes to give a pleasant smell. Extraction of perfume from various plants resources is of ancient origin. Infact the natives from different tropical regions of the globe have long been extracting oil from numerous oil bearing plant...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  25 engagements | 

  • 4. CONSTRUCTION OF SHELL AND TUBE HEAT EXCHANGER

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT Distillation seems to have been mentioned firstly by a man called Aristotle (384 – 322BC), he coined it when he described seawater being evaporated to make drinking water. The Romans and Alexandrians (from Alexandria, Egypt) distilled pure wood resin to condense the oil of turpentine (tarps), which boiled off. These processes make use o...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  29 engagements | 

  • 5. CONSTRUCTION OF FLOW NOZZLE

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 background of the study A nozzle is defined as a device in which the kinetic energy of a fluid is measured in an adiabatic process. A nozzle can also be referred to as a duct of smoothly, varying cross – sectional area in which a steadily flowing fluids can be made to accelerate by a pressure drop along the required duct. There are many applications in practi...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  24 engagements | 

  • 6. THE APPLICATION OF SIZE REDUCTION

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Size reduction is simply the process of reducing/minimizing the particle size of a substance to a finer state of sub division to smaller pieces, to coarse particles or to powder (fine particles). The term size reduction is applied into all the ways in which particles of solid are cut down or broken into smaller pieces. This solid are reduced...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  43 engagements | 

  • 7. REPAIR AND RECOMMISSIONING OF PROCESS HEAT TRANSFER APPARATUS

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.7 BACKGROUND OF STUDY In the past years, when industries were trying to maneuver their was into the production of goods on large scale without much waste form the available raw materials, certain variables like temperature applies to fluids or rather dictated from body, fluid flow rate, pressure etc. This led to loss of valuable materials, wastes of money (capital) and m...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  24 engagements | 

  • 8. CONSTRUCTION OF SHEEL AND TUBE HEAT EXCHANGER

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION In large industrial processes, it is necessary to transfer heat between the system and its surrounding and the device whose primary objective to do it efficiently and effectively is the heat exchanger. Therefore heat transfer is defined as the rate of exchange of heat between one body (hot) and another cold. The most important aim in the chemical engineering sector of any ...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  30 engagements | 

  • 9. ENHANCEMENT OF CELLULOSIC ETHANOL PRODUCTION THROUGH ASPERGILLUS NIGER MODIFICAT...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGRUND OF THE STUDY In view of continuously rising petroleum cost and dependence upon fossil fuel resources, considerable attention has been focused on alternative energy resources. Production of ethanol or ethyl alcohol [CH3CH2CH2OH] from biomass is one way to reduce both the cost of consumption of crude oil and environmental pollution. Ethanol represents an im...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  26 engagements | 

  • 10. PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF DOWNDRAFT GASIFIER FOR SYNGAS PRODUCTION USING RICE HU...

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study Access to cheap, reliable, and sustainable energy is a precursor for attaining and sustaining socio economic development. In fact it is fundamental requirement for poverty reduction. Currently about 90% of the world primary energy consumption is from fossil (petroleum, gas and coal), (Melgaraetal., 2009). However depleting of these fossil energy...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  61 engagements | 

  • 11. OPTIMIZATION OF ACTIVATED CARBON PREPARATION FROM CORNCOB WASTEWATER TREATMENT

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of Study Activated Carbon (AC) is a versatile derivative of biomass predominantly amorphous (crystalline) solid that has extra ordinary large internal surface area and pore volume (Jamaludin, 2010). The unique structure of AC gives rise to its application ranges from liquid to gas phase because of their adsorptive properties. Industrial ACs can be produced f...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  47 engagements | 

  • 12. DEVELOPMENT AND CHARACTERIZATION OF SELF-HEALING CAR PAINT USING CHITOSAN

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION The surfaces of any object is vulnerable as it often makes continual contact with the corroding (or oxidizing) air, most especiallywhen left in an open place, thereby bear the brunt of the sun, rain,fug, dew and snow (Rodger, 2008). Thus, under theseconditions, the surfaces tend to rust, disintegrate, corrode and crackresulting to wear of daily use.However, these effec...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  39 engagements | 

  • 13. PRODUCTION OF ETHANOL THROUGH THE FERMENTATION OF REDUCING SUGARS RESULTING FROM...

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study Lignocellulosic biomass (e.g. sawdust obtained from wood) provides a unique and sustainable resource for environmentally safe organic fuels and chemicals. Furthermore, due to the abundance of lignocellulosic materials, its conversion to ethanol (a biofuel) is considered one of the most important uses of biomass as an energy source in the modern ...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  33 engagements | 

  • 14. EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF MACRONUTRIENT CONTENTS OF CASSAVA LEAVES COMPOSTED...

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background ofthe Study Soil is a major component of the earth's ecosystem. The world's ecosystems are impacted in far reaching ways by the processes carried out in the soil, from ozone depletion and global warning to rainforest destruction and water pollution. Apart from the atmosphere, the soil is the next largest carbon reservoir on earth, and it is potentially one o...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  33 engagements | 

  • 15. PRODUCTION OF CHEMICAL INSECTICIDES USING NEEM OIL AND THE PROCESSES INVOLVED

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY According to Wikipedia “An insecticide is a chemical used against insects. They include homicides and parricides used against the eggs and larvae of insects, respectively. Insecticides are used in agriculture, medicine, industry, and general home use. The use of insecticides is believed to be one of the major factors behind the increase in...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  31 engagements | 

  • 16. EXTRACTION OF SILICA FROM RICE HUSK ASH

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Critical economic and environmental situations of the current days encourage companies and researchers to develop and improve technologies intended to reduce or minimize industrial wastes. As a consequence, much effort has been expended in different areas, including the agricultural production. Rice is the second largest produced cereal in the w...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  37 engagements | 

  • 17. EXTRACTION OF OIL FROM WATERMELON SEED

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The vegetable crops of family cucurbitaceae are important horticultural crop, mostly grown for its sweet and juicy fruit in warm climate all over the world. Galili G, Kigel J (2005) The citrullus lanatus is one of the most popular species with high water content as high as 92% of the total weight and it plays a very important role in Africa as i...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  33 engagements | 

  • 18. EXTRACTION OF OIL FROM COCONUT

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Coconut oil is an edible oil that has been consumed in tropical countries for thousands of years. As it has a long shelf life and a melting point ohgf 76 of. It is used in baking industries. A negative campaign against saturated fats in general and the tropical oils in particular led to most food manufacturers abandoning coconut oil in recent ye...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  27 engagements | 

  • 19. PRODUCTION OF LIQUID AND VAPOURISED AIR FRESHENER FROM LOCAL RAW MATERIALS

    » CHAPTER ONEINTRODUCTION1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY An air freshener is a product designed to mask or remove unpleasant room odors, (Umbach, 1991). These products typically deliver fragrance and other odor counteractants into the air. They do so through a variety of product formats, including aerosols, candles, potpourri and gels. By the late 1990s, sales of air fresheners in the United States had ...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  25 engagements | 

  • 20. PRODUCTION AND FERMENTATION OF ALCOHOL FROM PALM WINE

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The manufacture of alcohol by fermentation has been known since amtignity, the main purpose being the preparation of alcoholic beverages like beer, wine etc, the raw material is palm wine and any feed stuffy rich in carbohydrates, e.g wheat, barley, cassava, grapes, yams, apple, corn, rich, potates, banana and plantains. Palm wine is made from t...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  27 engagements | 

. ABSTRACT, Proposals, Literature Reviews, Aims & Objectives, Methodology, Surveys & Implementations