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PROJECT TOPIC: DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF SOLAR POWERED BATTERY CHARGING WITH REVERSE CURRENT PROTECTING

Project Body:


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background

Crisis of electricity is a major problem in the present era. This problem is even more critical for a densely populated poverty corrupted developing third world country like ours. Many of our people live here without the basic facility of electricity. In some area outside the city side, there is general electricity service called „PALLI BIDYUT‟ which can supply a very limited amount of electricity in those area that is unable cover up the basic demand of people from those area. Day by day crisis of electricity is increasing whereas no other solution is left for us without using the solar power or wind turbine to generate electricity. Again, not only we face electricity crisis but also day by the cost of gas and other natural resources like fuel, diesel , petroleum etc are rising up that is going beyond the availably of general people. Thereby such a system that can not only reduce the electricity crisis but also the crisis of petroleum or other natural resources for driving vehicles is desirable. We have designed a whole Central Solar Battery Charging Station (CSBCS) along with the successful implementation of hardware and software to represent all activities not only visually but also can be monitored and controlled from remote region. Implementation of SBCS for also includes designing of a smart charge controller with a view to decrease the battery charging time, making it capable of charging more than one battery at a time and getting the desired current from the load. 1.2 Motivation Ours is a tropical country where the amount of sunlight is mostly available to meet up the demand of producing electricity. This type of project is not new but for our country of this can be implemented successfully for commercial purpose, it can bring a revolutionary change in the lifestyle and the economical prospectus that also can increase the GDP of Bangladesh. As ours is a massively power-deficient country with peak power shortages of around 25%. More than 60% of its people do not have access to the power grid. The country only produces 3500-4200 MW of electricity against a daily demand for 4000-5200 MW on average, according to official estimates.


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