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PROJECT TOPIC: DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF COMPUTERIZED FAMILY PLANNING INFORMATION SYSTEM CASE STUDY OF UNICEF

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CHAPTER ONE

   1.0              IN TRODUCTION

The inadequacy of data gathering facilities on family planning in our country became painfully apparent in the early months of 1973 as the government prepared for a new 5-year family planning program. Contributing heavily to the problem was the fact that 3 different statistical systems were in use: the manual system used by the Ministry of Public Health; the system introduced by the Pan American Health Organization; A fourth agency, the Center for Social and Population Studies, also collects data. Each uses different forms and collects different kinds of information. The systems are described and experts from interviews with system leaders provide an insiders’ view of their workings. A summary of an analysis of the various systems is presented, centering on needs, forms, data, data processing, analysis, resources, and costs. The development of a comprehensive information system is recommended to produce data needed to handle program activities including clinical services, the distribution of contraceptives, training, communications, and so forth. Within each activity, the administrator should have data on personnel, supplies, equipment, and activities.

Computerized family planning information system is implemented by UNICEF to help in the processing of data and information as pertain to family planning.

Your organization database contains a wealth of information, yet the decision technology group members tap a fraction of it. Employees waste time scouring multiple sources for a database. The decision-makers are frustrated because they cannot get business-critical data exactly when they need it. Therefore, too many decisions are based on guesswork, not facts. Many opportunities are also missed, if they are even noticed at all.

Knowledge is what we know well. Information is the communication of knowledge. In every knowledge exchange, there is a sender and a receiver. The sender make common what is private, does the informing, the communicating. Information can be classified as explicit and tacit forms. The explicit information can be explained in structured form, while tacit information is inconsistent and fuzzy to explain. Know that data are only crude information and not knowledge by themselves.

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) organization founded by the United Nations in 1946 to provide food, clothing, and rehabilitative programs to European children brutalized by World War II (1939-1945). In 1950 the United Nations made UNICEF responsible for improving the welfare of all children worldwide. The organization’s mission is threefold: (1) to ensure that basic nutrition, health, and education needs of children are met, (2) to give children the opportunity to expand their potential, and (3) to create an international ethical standard of behavior toward children.

Since 1950 UNICEF has focused primarily on promoting “sustainable development” in more than 150 developing nations. By providing community-based services to teach community leaders to build wells and sewage-disposal systems, UNICEF has helped provide millions of children with clean drinking water and sanitary living conditions. By training educators to develop effective school programs, the agency has enabled children around the world to benefit from a primary school education. In recognition of its efforts, UNICEF received the 1965 Nobel Peace Prize.

UNICEF also provides a relief network for children and their parents or other caregivers in the aftermath of disasters, such as floods, earthquakes, and droughts. It has worked extensively with children from war-torn countries to help alleviate their suffering. The organization works to prevent child abuse, child labor, sexual exploitation of children, and the use of children as soldiers. In the United States, UNICEF has focused its work on inner-city children victimized by random violence and gang warfare.

  1. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

It is easy to note that computerized family planning information system entails large volume of work and a whole lot of calculation.  This makes the job very difficult a task to go by. The method of information storage and retrieval processing of accumulated figures is not an easy task in places were there are no sophisticated method of Computerized family planning information system.


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