CHAPTER ONE Introduction
Corruption is an unethical behaviour which runs counter to the accepted social norms and moral values. It is a behavioural pattern, which seriously hurt public morality and leaves the society worse for it. Corruption is an act involving dishonesty, illegality and non- conformity with accepted standard of behaviour. And such an act or behaviour has as its main aim, the return for financial or material benefit, either for the person committing the act or on behalf of any other person. According to Longman Active Dictionary (New Edition), Corruption is a “Dishonest or immoral behaviour by politicians or people who work for government.” In other words, Corruption could still be defined as dishonesty using one’s position or power to own advantage especially for money or any other material benefit. Precisely, Corruption is giving, offering or receiving gratification or bribe, or some other form of illegal benefit. Examples of such in Nigeria include trading Chieftaincy titles for financial or material benefits, examination scores for money and/or other benefits. Refusal to do ones job unless and until the person receives an inducement for himself or on behalf of any other person. Candidly speaking, this unethical behaviour, corruption is the bane to socio- socio-economic development in Nigeria. However, it has truly become people’s choice of priority to work or carryout their duties for personal gains to the detriment of our dearly growing economy. Bad management and misappropriation of public funds as part of corruption has long contributed largely to this menace of decadence, thereby ensuring that people’s needs are not met. As a result, people are now dying of hunger. Not only that, there is good road network, of which people cannot have access to the few food crops made available by the peasant farmers in the rural areas. And the poor health facilities as can be witnessed in the public hospitals, whereby people die in numbers daily out of ordinary ailments.