This comparative study assessed the knowledge of adolescent girls on cervical cancer and its prevention in Ghana using a senior high school in an urban area (Accra High School) and a senior high school in a rural area (Atiavi Senior High Technical School). The choice of the two schools was motivated by the expectation that students in these schools will differ significantly in terms of their socioeconomic backgrounds which was duly confirmed.
The study determined whether socioeconomic variables affected the knowledge and preference for sources of information on the disease among the adolescent girls. It also sought to find out if adolescent girls who perceived that they were at risk of getting cervical cancer sought information on it and its prevention. The study was undertaken within the framework of the knowledge gap hypothesis and the health belief model. A survey was conducted to collect data from adolescent girls from the two schools.