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PROJECT TOPIC: DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF PORTABLE STORAGE FOR PERISHABLE PRODUCT

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   Preamble

Animal feedstuff is a very importance aspect of livestock husbandry as it is a major limiting factor in the rearing of animal to meet the increasing demand for animal protein, milk, hides and skill and other sub-Saharan African countries for the nomadic fulanis and pastoralist to allow the animal graze freely in the fields, in most cases after harvest (Umanna and Asishi, 1988; 1985.

In some cases the animal rearers collect the crop residues home to feed the animal directly or after chopping into smaller sizes using matches or sharp knives. There are well established Fulani settlers with permanent settlements, incorporating both livestock and crop farming systems, the normadic Fulanis move their cattle to the southern part of the country in the dry season, in search of pasture and water for their animals and moves up north in the wet season, to avoid tsetse fly infection (Okorie and Sanda, 1992). The migratory practice of the normadic Fulanis is usually associated with environmental degradation, incessant bush burning and unpleasant consequences to the communities. A drastic increase in animal body weight in the wet season where there is abundant fresh grasses and abundant drinking water for the animals can be noticed. However, in the dry season, when green grasses and water are not sufficient for the animals the resultant consequences is loss in body weight, hence the little or no availability of milk and other diary products, high cost of meat in the market, (Umanna and Agishi, 1988), that the animal can ultilize not only the leave, but also the stovars, if they are reduced into smaller sizes. Cutting the stovers of the crop residue will therefore increase the rate of consumption by animals.


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