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PROJECT TOPIC: EFFECT OF GUIDED-DISCOVERY AND DEMONSTRATION METHOD ON JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENT’S PERFORMANCE IN GEOMETRY.

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CHAPTER ONEIntroductionBackground of the StudyEducation is a systematic training and instruction designed to transmit knowledge and developed skills in individuals. This involves a continuing development of relevant knowledge, skills and habit whose broad understanding and application enable individual to contribute meaningful towards the growth of their society (Mbah, 2012). It is believed that the quality of a nation’s education is proportional to the level of its prosperity. Nigeria having realized the effectiveness of education as a powerful instrument for national progress and development, advised her educational philosophy and methodology to match the ideals and challenges of changing economics and social structure of modern society (FME, 2013). The policy is geared towards producing individual who will not only possess the capacity to solve his problem but also contribute to the development of his society. A number of several subjects such as mathematics etc. are included with the expectation that when properly taught, a more effective learning will be the result; hence, the realization of the goal of Nigerian education as stated in the National Policy on Education (Oche, 2012).There are certain subjects that are classified as core subjects. While others known as elective (FME 2013). Core subjects, are those subjects which students compulsorily offer while electives subjects consist of subject from which students can freely make their choice. At the Junior Secondary School level, Mathematics is a core subject which should be taught. This is because; the concept such as geometry in Mathematics plays an important role to an individual day to day life and also the nation at large. Mathematics is one of the core subjects that is taken very serious in the school system irrespective of country or level of education. It has been described as a model of thinking (Iji, 2008), which encourages learners to observe, reflect and reason logically about a problem and in communicating ideas, making it the central intellectual discipline. The literally meaning of Mathematics is “thing which can be counted” therefore one can think that counting has vital role in our daily life, imagine that there were no mathematics at all, how would it be possible for one to count numbers of the family, number of students in the class, days in the week or in a month or years? As rudiment or a basic level, one need to be able to count, add, subtract, multiply and divide. Mathematics is a leading logical science upon which other science depends;


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