1.1 Background to the Study
Corruption has become a potent force in the education sector not only in Nigeria alone but worldwide. Though a late addition to the subjects dealt with in corruption studies, corruption in education has become a dominant theme globally. Universally, the dimensions corruption takes in environments and societies where it has become a practical, trending, fashionable and cherishable value system for the survival of the people have been so complex so much that local, national and international efforts and actions to check or contain it has consistently failed or defiled solutions. However, a ray of hope came in sight when the United Nations through General Assembly Resolution 58/4 of 31 October 2003 which became operational on 14 December 2005 initiated actions which in addition to creating awareness on strategies for preventing corruption also targets criminalizing corruption in any form it manifests. A close examination of the efforts of the United Nations in this direction can point in two ways namely creating awareness and sensitizing members of the global community on the existence of corruption and its global condemnation and the establishment of a global network of framework upon which conscious fight against corruption can be mounted, initiated or put on global agenda. These are in view of the fact that the free flourishing of corruption at any level can turn out to be a torn in the flesh of members of the global community. This line of thinking is premised or anchored on the position that corruption defies territorial borders and can be instrumental for the promotion of agonizing and dehumanizing anti-social practices including organized crimes, terrorism, drug and human trafficking among others.