1.1 Background to the Study
Education is a vital tool for national development which is only attainable through the school system. It produces the human capital that utilizes all other factors of production in order to yield desired output towards nation building. Teaching and learning is a process that can only be efficient when there is an effective mechanism for checks and balances, such as effective monitoring and evaluation. Monitoring has to do with intermittent and careful watch and check on something over a period of time in order to see how it develops, so that one can make necessary changes. Evaluation, on the other hand, has to do with critical assessment of a planned programme so as to ascertain the level of attainment of set goals and objectives. It is a mechanism for providing feedback for students, teachers and policy makers. Through evaluation, diagnosis is made of short falls in the programme so as to draw up corrective measures to improve on it. Monitoring and evaluation, therefore, is a veritable tool through which the school system can be highly improved. It is through this medium that school supervisors and inspectors otherwise known as quality assurance officers, ensure that classroom instruction are improved because teachers are made to be more alive towards their responsibilities. Thus, enhancing on their competencies and make them more accountable. The essence of monitoring and supervision is basically to ensure day to day effective implementation of curriculum in our schools. Monitoring and evaluation adopts varying strategies in order to achieve the objectives it is purported to achieve, amongst which are: regular appraisal of the school system through quality assurance inspection, school records assessment, ensuring that lesson notes and plans are scrutinised before lesson delivery, use of continuous assessment for students to ascertain their level of performance, annual performance assessment of teachers as a yardstick for promotion from one grade level to another. In the Federal Capital Territory – Abuja, monitoring and evaluation unit of the Federal Capital Development Authority Education Secretariat was specifically established in conjunction with the Department of Policy Implementation (DPI) to perform the functions of quality assurance supervision and also appraise the school‟s system generally (Secondary Schools in FCT).