1.1 Background of the Study
Contraception is concerned about the procedure intentionally used to interfere with the normal sequence of events in the process of reproduction to prevent unwanted pregnancies. Contraceptive use among sexually active women in Nigeria is critical to reduce unwanted pregnancy and unsafe abortion. However, there are potential risks of some serious side effects when you use particular methods of contraception. According to National Health Insurance Scheme (2014), there are lots of contraceptive methods to choose from. Hormonal Contraceptive, Intrauterine Contraceptive, Voluntary surgical Contraceptive, Barrier Contraceptive and Natural Family planning method.
Planned Parenthood Federation of America, (2012) reported that not all contraceptive methods are appropriate for all situations, and the most appropriate method of birth control depends on a woman's overall health, age, frequency of sexual activity, number of sexual partners, desire to have children in the future, and family history of certain diseases. Individuals should consult their health care providers to determine which method of birth control is best for them.
Although all forms of contraception are available to couples where the female partner is still active, certain methods may be more suitable for women of different age group and marital status on medical grounds, while other methods may have no medical advantage but may simply be more convenient or more acceptable. There are available types of family planning and contraceptive methods in Nigeria with their potential risks to help women make an informed decision. Heinemann (2014) reported that uterine
perforation is a potentially serious complication of Intrauterine Device (IUD). Voluntary Surgical Contraception has risks of ectopic pregnancy, client may regret later and success of reversal surgery cannot be guaranteed, there is also risks associated with surgical procedures, risks and side effects of local anesthesia, delayed effectiveness once the procedure has been performed and risk of complications. Another potential risk is failure. Vasectomy is not guaranteed to be 100% effective. Even when the operation is performed perfectly, it is possible in rare cases for sperm to find its way across the void between the two blocked ends of the vas deferens. The situation, called recanalization, is highly unusual but does occur (Snyder, 2015).