1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Parental education attainment have to do with students academic performance because parental educational attainment level will determine the student academic performance in public junior secondary school (J.S.S. 2 & J.S.S. 3) Sagamu Local Government, Ogun State.
Firstly parental education attainment have a strong impact on children performances in the school and society. The level of parent education will also determine the level of students academic performance at school.
According to Iregbu (1992) defined education as a process which happens to a man form the day he was born until the day he dies. Thus definition looks vague for it does not base on every body only but explain in details such events or happenings. Taken from this view education means learning from experience for actions and reactions to issues and situation whether pleasant or unpleasant serve as lesson for occurrences similar to previous ones as seen in the adage, once bitten twice shy. According to definition of education will have explain, in most cases the types and level of parents education achievement, will depend on how parent inculcate learning into their children for better future. There are many types of parents in the society. There are some parents that are educated while some are illiterates. Parental education attainment will yield the interest of ‘child’, because children belike that their parents’ achievements will direct them to achieve their goals and objectives to wards education.
Adeyinka (1971) defined education as the process of transmitting the culture of a society from one generation to the other, the process by which the older members of a society bring up the young ones”. Parents which had undergone learning will strive to allow their children to achievement because, there is direct relationship between parents educational attainment and student academic success at school.
Uche (1998) commenting on the issue stated that the parents had an important influence on the child’s academic achievement. What the child learnt at home and how his/her parents motivate him towards education will contribute to the child success or failure in school.
Parental education attainment will also focus on academic performances taken to be the ability or the level of which a student or learner can go in the education activities.
Apparently, the parents provide information and ideas to gear up educational attitude about how to help their children at home with home work and other curriculum related activities decision and planning information needed and skill required for Junior Secondary School Student in all subjects and how to monitor school work at home.
Further more, education focuses on the influence and the progress of the child at school as well as his academic performance. The parents also provides basic training and discipline. Parent has been a major source from which students copy ways of behaviour, the child educational level condition will determine parental responsibility as far as education is concerned.
Most of the parents spend little or no time with the children nowadays Working Class Parents are in hurry in training and teaching their children. In a situation where both parents leave home for work in the morning and return very late in the evening what type of education, or lesson could the children learn, from such parents and there is no time to go through what the children did at school or attend to their class assignments.
In addition there are parents who are on their private business or those who are farmers, who do not have financial ability to send their children will not be able to contribute to the progress of educational sector.
Uche (1980) sum it up by state tat parents should provide the basic education for all Childs learning development. From the observation one can see clearly that the influence of the parents on a child’s academic success is enormous. One cannot look at the child at school in total isolation from what happen at home and types of home recomes from. This is because children are guided by the aspiration of their parents educational attainment, as a desired standard or goals toward educational success in life.