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PROJECT TOPIC: PERCEIVED INFLUENCE OF SUPERVISION OF INSTRUCTION ON TEACHERS’ CLASSROOM PERFORMANCE

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Abstract

This study investigated the perceived influence of supervision of instruction on teachers’ classroom performance in Ijebu-North Education Zone. The population of the study comprised all 852 teachers in the 18 public junior and senior secondary schools in Ijebu-North education Zone. The sample was made up of 155 female teachers and 100 male teachers from 7 secondary schools drawn through stratified random sampling technique. The study was an Ex-post Facto design. The instrument for data collection was Influence of Supervision of Instruction on Classroom Teachers’ Performance Questionnaire (ISICTPQ). Three research questions and two null hypotheses were formulated. The research questions were answered using mean and standard deviation while t-test was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The major findings showed that interaction between teachers and instructional supervisors influences to a great extent teachers’ classroom performance. The use of instructional materials suggested by instructional supervisors influences to a great extent teachers’ classroom performance. Also, conferences and seminars organized by instructional supervisors influence teachers’ classroom performance to a great extent. The opinions of secondary school teachers with more teaching experience and teachers with less teaching experience did not differ significantly with regard to their perceived influence of supervision of instruction on their classroom performance. Also the opinions of male and female teachers did not differ significantly with regard to their perceived influence of supervision of instruction on their classroom performance. Based on the findings, it was recommended that instructional supervisors should always make themselves available and approachable to teachers, the state government should always make provisions of suggested instructional materials by instructional supervisors to teachers to aid class instruction, and there should be adequate funding of conferences and seminars by the state ministry of education for teachers’ improvement.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page--------------------------------------------------------------------------------                         i

Approval page ----------------------------------------------------------------------------                   ii

Certification ------------------------------------------------------------------------------                    iii

Dedication --------------------------------------------------------------------------------                    iv

Acknowledgements ----------------------------------------------------------------------                  v

Abstract------------------------------------------------------------------------------------                    vi

Table of contents-----------------------------------------------------------------------                      vii

List of tables ------------------------------------------------------------------------------                    x

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION---------------------------------------------                  1

Background of the study---------------------------------------------------------------                    1

Statement of the problem--------------------------------------------------------------                     7

Purpose of the study--------------------------------------------------------------------                     8

Significance of the study---------------------------------------------------------------                    8

Scope of the study----------------------------------------------------------------------                    10

Research questions---------------------------------------------------------------------                     11

Hypotheses------------------------------------------------------------------------------                     11

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF LITERATURE------------------------------             12

Conceptual framework-----------------------------------------------------------------                   13

Concept of Supervision---------------------------------------------------------------                     13

Concept of Instruction-----------------------------------------------------------------                   15

Concept of supervision of instruction-----------------------------------------------                  16

Purpose of school supervision--------------------------------------------------------                  17

Principles of supervision of instruction---------------------------------------------                   21

Techniques of supervision of instruction-------------------------------------------                   25

Qualities of a good instructional supervisor----------------------------------------                  28

Traditional and modern approaches to supervision--------------------------------                29

Challenges and problems of supervision of instruction in Nigeria--------------                32

Ways of improving supervision of instruction-------------------------------------                  35

Concept of job performance----------------------------------------------------------                   37

Determinants of job performance----------------------------------------------------                   39

Theoretical framework----------------------------------------------------------------                     39

Leadership theories--------------------------------------------------------------------                     39

Models of supervision of instruction------------------------------------------------                   42

Review of empirical studies-----------------------------------------------------------                  46

Summary of literature review--------------------------------------------------------                    48

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHOD---------------------------------               50

Design of the study---------------------------------------------------------------------                  50

Area of the study-----------------------------------------------------------------------                    50

Population of the study----------------------------------------------------------------                   51

Sample and sampling technique------------------------------------------------------                  51

Instrument for data collection--------------------------------------------------------                   51

Validation of the instrument----------------------------------------------------------                   52

Reliability of the instrument----------------------------------------------------------                   53

Method of data collection-------------------------------------------------------------                   53

Method of data analysis---------------------------------------------------------------                   53

CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS-----------------------------------------------------                 54

Summary of major findings-----------------------------------------------------------                    63

CHAPTER FIVE: DISCUSSION, CONCLUSION, IMPLICATIONS AND

RECOMMENDATIONS-------------------------------------------------------------                65

Discussion of findings------------------------------------------------------------------                  65

Conclusion-------------------------------------------------------------------------------                   70

Implications of the study---------------------------------------------------------------                70

Recommendations----------------------------------------------------------------------                   71

Limitations of the study----------------------------------------------------------------                  73

Suggestions for further study----------------------------------------------------------                  73

Summary of the study-------------------------------------------------------------------                 73

REFERENCES-------------------------------------------------------------------------                  75

APPENDICES


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