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PROJECT TOPIC: STUDENT UTILIZATION OF SCHOOL FACILITIES AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN BIOLOGY

Project Body:


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  1. Background to the Study

            The importance of school facilities has been highlighted by manyeducational administrators and planners.Education for any Nation is believed to be veritable machinery for the development of a country. This is obvious because of the roles played by educated people in the development of science, social- economic and political structure to improve the individual, families and making the society a better place to live. In the light of these values, education today must prepare the child to function effective as an adult to be, and these cannot be achieved without adequate school facilities.  Education, either formal or traditional exists in every society.According to (Maina,2013) asserts thatschool  heads and their academic staff, plan  and think together about the present and future  needs to the enrolmentof students   in the school. (Ani, 2010)further observe that  through adequate  planning of school facilities they can  determined  the type  of  instructional  materials teachers would  need  for effective instructions and whether the available classroom, library and laboratory  are adequate for the  participated  number of students (Mgbodile2013), stressing   the need for school facilities, the physical appearance and  general condition  of school facilities and the striking basis  upon which many parents and friends of  any educational  institution  may make their initial judgments about the quality of what goes on in the  schools

            In   short, the school facilities play a vital role   in determining the type of relationship between the school and community. This  is  because parents and students   make  their  judgment and take  their  decisions   on  whether to associate  themselves with  a particular  school  after  a careful  evaluation and  consideration of the facilities in the school (Aim, 2007). Onwirahwhelers (2006)  stated  that  school facilities  play a crucial role in the development  of the  three domain of taxonomy  of educational  objectives namely;cognitive effective  and  psychomotor. School facilities are needed  for develop cognitive area of knowledge abilities and skills which are prerequisites f or academic achievement.

            They are essential for developing values, commitment, positive emotions and social interactional sensitivity in learners.

According to Duke (2005) learning can occur through one’s interaction with one’s environment. Environment here  refers to facilities  that are available to  students  learning out comes  it includes  textbooks, audio-visual, classroom setting sitting position  and  arrangement, availability  of tables, chairs, chalkboards and shelves on which instruments  for facilities requires a very careful attention  aimed at  setting  up a school network  which would meet the  future demand for education  to enhance the maximum realization  of the  target set by nation policy  on education, school facilities when provided, will aid  teaching learning programme and consequently improve academic achievement of students (Ani, 2010). Good facilities appear to be   an important precondition for students learning provided it support a strong academic performance in the school (Cash, 2013). The issue  of school facilities   has only been  partially provided in some  schools, whereas nothing has been done in many  schools(Brown, 2015). He also presented four categories  of resources  and  facilities which are used for teaching  and learning thus are;

  1. Reading materials
  2. Audio-visual  material
  3. Demonstration and experimentation materials
  4. School community resources including personnel

Thus availability of school facilities promotes greater acquisition and longer retention of factual knowledge which enhance a good academic performance. The uses and impact of school facilities clearly direct one to the administrative leadership to carried the responsibilities for obtaining and allocating school facilities necessary to promote educational programme  development. It is therefore,  the duties  of federal and state  government, ministry officials, school administrators to endeavour to  produce  select and  distribute a  variety of facilities to all school in the local government   in order to  ensure students  resourcefulness, creativity and imaginative use of these facilities. This may be one way for  ensuring effective teaching and learning  at the  secondary school   goals and  curriculum objectives(Mgbodile, 2013). Academic performance is the extent to which  a student, teachers  or institution achieved their short or long-term educational goals. Academic performance is commonly measuredthrough examination or continuous  assessments but there is no general agreement on how it is best evaluated  or which  aspect are most importants, procedural knowledge such as skills or declarative knowledge such as fact (Darly, 2011). Furthermore, there are inconclusive results over which  individuals factors successfully predict  academic performance, element such astest anxiety, environment, motivation and emotions required  consideration when developing models of school achievement (Ani, 2010).



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