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PROJECT TOPIC: THE INSTRUCTIONAL SUPERVISION AND TEACHERS’ PERFORMANCE IN ILORIN SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS, KWARA STATE

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

            The need for an effective educational supervision in today’s education industry cannot be questioned. This is because of the falling standard of education in Nigeria which is giving more concern than satisfaction. The need to improve teaching and learning capabilities of teachers and students is often the basis for supervision in educational organization. Global educational policies and programs alike have brought forth significant challenges to many education systems around the globe, though educational policy in the twenty-first century is the key to global security, sustainability and survival (Olssen, Good, & O’neill 2006). Education for All (EFA), Universal Primary Education (UPE), and Universal Secondary Education (USE) are some of the notable global educational policies implemented ages ago. In his master‘s thesis, Habimana (2008) points out that political leaders and researchers continuously stress that in our time education is declining all over the world as it faces diverse challenges. Numerous recent studies still have indicated that today‘s education systems in countless nation-states around the globe are facing a number of education-related challenges that are making it difficult for them to achieve educational goals and objectives than ever before. Globalization is one of noticeable challenges today. The effect of globalization on education, on the other hand today, has called for survival measures of education all over the world, and all organizations continuously strive for sustainable development and survival with no let up. Responding to this scenario, Armstrong cited in Nzabonimpa (2011) suggests that this survival can basically be ensured through adequate work supervision as one of strategic survival approaches. As a manager in any organization, contends Hunsaker and Hunsaker (2009), one must ensure that objectives are met and also that employees learn how to enhance their performance through regular appraisals and supervision. However, astute observations, articles and repeated educational research studies indicate that there is an ongoing decline of supervision in schools throughout the globe today (Bentley cited in Nzabonimpa 2011). Education is even being criticized in some developing countries vis-à-vis its products. With reference to this, in VOA Special English Education Report, 2011, US president Barack Obama was quoted saying, “If Americans want to win the future, and then they also have to win the race to educate their children”. Referring to president Obama’s assertive statement, the word ‘raceʼ simply implies ongoing serious


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