1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Nigeria is one of the countries, which is “undergoing transition”. This is because politically they are visibly undergoing rapid development or change, which may be positive or Negative.
It is true in line with this that since independence Nigeria has been under transition politically. It has witnessed many tailed politically transition programmes that have continue to hold political power through brute force or sheer power of the gun. These include the General Abacha political transition programme and the likes.
However, Nigeria has been described as being in a transitory situation which political culture is characterized by divergent and powerful interest groups with insatiable political and economic demands on the larger political entity.
To this end, the role of the press which is been as the fourth estate of the ream “ Cannot be overlooked. This was why Hohenberg (1978) submits that:
“When public trust in Government declines and deeply affects the Faith of millions of people is its principle and practice the press is the institution that is least likely to profit from the resultant disillusionment”
It is this veritable position of the press that explains the inextricable relationship between the institution (press) and politics.
Consequently, a duty is imposed on the press to ensure that the political objective of Nigeria as a country is accordance to its motto this that all of the function performed in the political aggregation, rule making rule application and rule adjudication are performed through communication.
Upholding the through importance of communication. The press in a given polity is the life line as communication is the oxygen of all political relationship.