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  • 21. DIAGNOSTIC PLOTS FOR ANALYSIS OF WATER PRODUCTION AND RESERVOIR PERFORMANCE

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 DESCRIPTION OF PROBLEM Produced water is any water that is present in a reservoir with the hydrocarbon resource and is produced to the surface with the crude oil or natural gas. This water could either come from an aquifer or from injection wells in water flooding process. The production of this water alongside the oil from any reservoir is a condition that is natu...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  318 engagements | 

  • 22. DEVELOPMENT OF GENERALIZED WELL SEMI-ANALYTICAL CONING MODELS

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION AND PROBLEM DEFINITION 1.1 INTRODUCTION Quite often, oil deposits are associated with an underlying water aquifer and an overriding gas cap. In many situations, the oil reserve is desired at the surface while the associated fluid is preferred within the reservoir either because they are not valuable at the surface as in the case of produced water or the resources to harnes...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  268 engagements | 

  • 23. DEVELOPMENT OF CONING CORRELATIONS FOR OIL RIM RESERVOIRS USING EXPERIMENTAL DES...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Coning is the result of high pressure gradient around the producing well which causes the oil water contact to rise and the gas oil contact to depress near the wellbore. Gravitational forces tend to segregate the fluids according to their densities. However, when gravitational forces are exceeded by the flowing pressures (viscous force), a c...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  248 engagements | 

  • 24. DEVELOPMENT OF BREAKTHROUGH TIME CORRELATIONS FOR CONING IN BOTTOM WATER SUPPORT...

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY Coning is the mechanism describing the movement of water/gas into the perforations of producing wells. For water coning the movement is upwards for the case of bottom water, side wards for edge water, but it is downwards for gas coning. The production of water from oil wells is a common occurrence which increases the cost of producing operations...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  273 engagements | 

  • 25. DEVELOPMENT OF A GAS CONDENSATE RESERVOIR

    » CHAPTER 1 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Problem Definition The global demand for fossil energy is increasing immensely because of high population and development. With the unbundling of the power sector in Nigeria, and the fact that the country currently suffers from energy poverty complicated by low oil price or oil price volatility, oil companies are looking for ways to minimize costs and increase produc...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  317 engagements | 

  • 26. DEVELOPMENT OF A COMPUTER PROGRAM FOR SOLIDS CONTROL

    » CHAPTER ONE FORMULATION OF THE PROBLEM 1.1 Introduction Drilling fluid was introduced into the rotary drilling technology as means of transporting the drilled solids to the surface. Other function of the drilling fluids are controlling subsurface pressure, lubricating the drill string, cleaning the bottom of the hole, aiding in formation evaluation protecting formation productivity and aiding form...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  237 engagements | 

  • 27. DETAILED ANALYSIS OF PRESSURE DROP IN A LARGE DIAMETER VERTICAL PIPE

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 General introduction Profitable production of oil and gas fields relies on accurate prediction of the multi phase well flow. The determination of flowing bottom hole pressure (BHP) in oil wells is very important to petroleum engineers. It helps in designing production tubing, determination of artificial lift requirements and in many other production engineering aspects...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  264 engagements | 

  • 28. DEEPWATER PETROLEUM EXPLORATION AND PRODUCTION IN THE GULF OF GUINEA

    » CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1. OVERVIEW Deepwater offshore exploration as much as it is a breakthrough in Petroleum Exploration and Production as it offers significant benefits over onshore production, still poses challenges to the oil and gas industry. The Gulf of Guinea (GOG) is an attractive place for investment in the oil and gas sector, opportunities abounds for petroleum exploration and p...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  285 engagements | 

  • 29. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF RESERVES DETERMINATION TECHNIQUES IN OVERPRESSURED GAS R...

    » CHAPTER ONE: 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Hydrocarbon production in the petroleum industry are often constrained by reservoir heterogeneity, deliverability and capacity of surface facilities. As optimization algorithms and reservoir simulation techniques continue to develop and computing power continues to increase, upstream oil and gas facilities previously assumed not to be candi...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  243 engagements | 

  • 30. NATURAL FLOW AND ARTIFICIAL LIFT FOR A SOLUTION GAS DRIVE RESERVOIR

    » Chapter 1 1.0 Introduction 1.1 Problem Statement Solution gas drive also known as Dissolved gas drive or Internal gas drive reservoirs are characterised by a rapid and continuous decline of reservoir pressure. This reservoir pressure behaviour is attributed to the fact that no extraneous fluids or gas caps are available to provide a replacement of the gas and oil withdrawals (Tarek, 2001). This ra...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  266 engagements | 

  • 31. BUILDING AND RANKING OF GEOSTATISTICAL PETROLEUM RESERVOIR MODELS

    » CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION 1.1 PROBLEM DEFINITION In Geostatistical reservoir characterization, it is a common practice to generate a large number of realizations of the reservoir model to assess the uncertainty in reservoir descriptions for performance predictions. However, only a limited fraction of these models can be considered for comprehensive fluid flow simulations because of the high...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  248 engagements | 

  • 32. A-THREE DIMENSIONAL NUMERICAL SIMULATOR FOR EXPANSION-DRIVE RESERVOIRS

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 General Introduction Reservoir simulation is the science of combining physics, mathematics, reservoir engineering, and computer programming to develop a tool for predicting hydrocarbon reservoir performance under various operating strategies (Aziz, K. and Settari, A. 1979). The practice of reservoir simulation has been in existence since the beginning of petroleum engi...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  254 engagements | 

  • 33. APPLICATION OF MINIMUM CURVATURE METHOD TO WELLPATH CALCULATIONS

    » CHAPTER ONE FORMULATION OF THE PROBLEM 1.1 Introduction Directional drilling is the science and art of deviating a wellbore along a planned course to a subsurface target whose location is a given lateral distance and direction from the vertical (Bourgoyne et al, 1991). Directional drilling and horizontal wells represent an efficient way to achieve or hitting special targets that may or are very di...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  291 engagements | 

  • 34. ANALYSIS OF VOID FRACTION PHASE DISTRIBUTION OF GAS-LIQUID FLOW IN A HORIZONTAL ...

    » CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Problem Definition In this world system you would realize that as human as we are, we are not complex to understand as single units. For example, let us take the male species, you would realize that he is kind of burden free when he is single but as soon as he marries then he brings a burden of the wife and the children if he has one on himself, in the sense that he now ...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  246 engagements | 

  • 35. AN EXPERIMENTAL MODEL TO PREDICT AND CONTROL OILFIELD EMULSION TIGHTNESS: A NOVE...

    » CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Overview Crude oil is seldom produced alone from reservoirs. It is always produced as a complex mixture of hydrocarbons and formation water.1 These mixtures undergo extreme agitation under high shear rate and turbulence as they flow from the reservoir pores through perforated casing into the wellbore, to the tubing and finally through the surface production facilities. T...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  243 engagements | 

  • 36. AN APPROACH TO WELL PLACEMENT AND PRODUCTION IN A GREEN FIELD

    » CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Statement of Problem Reservoir development and well placement have been one of the existing challenges in the petroleum industry over the years. This is because different engineering, geological and economic variables affecting reservoir performance are practically involved. More importantly, the decision on how to increase oil recovery and maximize the economic profitab...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  289 engagements | 

  • 37. A REVIEW OF THE RHEOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF POWER LAW DRILLING FLUIDS ON CUTTINGS TRA...

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Pressure transient testing techniques are an important part of reservoir and production engineering. From the analysis of the pressure tests, the reservoir model can be recognized and the reservoir properties can be obtained. In order to determine such characteristics, drawdown and Buildup tests are performed. But to run successful pressure test...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  245 engagements | 

  • 38. NATURAL FLOW AND TUBING STRING DESIGN FOR A WATER DRIVE RESERVOIR

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 OVERVIEW Fluids are stored in the reservoir and must be produced to the surface facilities in order to be measured, treated and finally sold or discarded. The flow of fluids from the reservoir towards the final processing facility is divided into three phases: Recovery, Lift and Gathering. Recovery refers to the flow of fluids from the reservoir into the well bore; Lif...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  237 engagements | 

  • 39. THE USE OF COCONUT FIBRE AS STANDARD pH ENHANCER FOR DRILLING MUD FORMULATION

    » ABSTRACT In the present day oil and gas industry, the chemicals used as pH controller are usually imported at an exorbitant price which take a large part of the drilling cost and have ripple effect on the economy of the Nation. It is however necessary to source for an alternative by the use of local materials so as to enhance cost effectiveness. This study nonetheless focus on investigating the su...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  274 engagements | 

  • 40. REDUCTION OF OIL SPILLAGE USING WOOD PLASTIC COMPOSITE FROM SAW DUST, WHITE SAND...

    » CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Composite is the combination of a matrix and a reinforcement, which when combined gives properties superior to those of the individual components (Ashori & Nourbakhsh 2009a). Wood plastic composite (WPC) is therefore a combination of wood and plastic with the plastic as the matrix and the wood as the reinforcement. Wood plastic composite, (W...Continue Reading »

    50 pages |  567 engagements | 

. ABSTRACT, Proposals, Literature Reviews, Aims & Objectives, Methodology, Surveys & Implementations