Ngugi Wa Thiongo and Micere Mugo’s The Trial of Dedan Kimathi and Athol Fugard’s Sizwe Bansi is Dead treat colonialism, the building and maintaining of colonies in one territory by people from another territory. Colonialism is the child of capitalism and what capitalism seeks out to do is to maximize profit at the expense of labour. This study aims at analyzing both texts as responses to colonialism and the ills that it breeds. The study examines apartheid as a product of colonialism in Fugard’s play and treat colonialsm perse in the other play. It shows that colonialism breeds ills such as racism, alienation oppression and capitalism. Colonialism is the. Colonialism is the subject matter of the two plays the playwrights examine the preoccupation from different perspective but are agreed that colonialism is injurious to the colony.