1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
In recent times, managers and management researchers have long believed that organizational goals are unattainable without the enduring commitment of members of the organisation. It has been said that the workforce remains the most critical productive asset of any Organization. It is the human element that gives direction and dynamism to the organisation.
In fact, any organisation can only grow to the extent made possible by the Voluntary and creative application of the skills and expertise of its workforce. It is for this reason that the search ways and means of motivating the workforce for optimal organisational performance has more or less remained a cardinal concern of management since the birth of industrial civilization.