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PROJECT TOPIC: DETERMINANTS OF TENANT DECISION TO MAINTAIN GOVERNMENT OWNED RENTAL HOUSING.

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CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

 The right of housing to all is enshrined in the constitution of the country. Consequently, the right to housing is viewed as the right to get or access housing without limitation to a roof over one’s own head, but the right to live in a decent place with good sanitary condition. (Dejene G., 2007, P.14).This right should not be limited to a person’s own personal habitat in a certain community and should not be viewed as a luxury. Therefore, the provision of good housing shall not be left in the hands of only a few who have the privilege and economic capability of building their own houses. (The United Nations Housing Rights Programme, 2003, P.17) Rather the provision of good housing is as indispensable for personal security, privacy, health, integrity, protection of people from different challenges and the need for maintaining different positive relationship to enhance shared values. Therefore, the international community to recognize adequate housing as basic and fundamental human rights. (The United Nations Housing Rights Programme, 2003, P.17)As a manifestation of the international community’s commitment for its enforcement, the right to adequate housing is enshrined in a number of international human right instruments. In fact the right to housing for ensuring the wellbeing and dignity of human beings. The rights to get access to housing is normally regarded as an integral part of human right in general, and it has been enshrined international and regional multi-lateral treaties regarding human rights. (UN-Habitat, 2003, P. 2). Also, Since the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights(UDHR)in 1948 the right to adequate housing has been reaffirmed and explicitly recognized in a wide range of international human right instrument and create a legally binding obligation upon States. The study seeks to appraise the determinants of tenant decision to maintain government owned rental housing.

1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The government has the responsibility to provide adequate and good housing for all . A retrospect into the condition of many government housing estates reveals that there are some challenges facing occupants of such estates which require the attention of government. The maintenance and replacement of depreciated amenities often poses great challenges for the occupants. The need for regular power supply is another challenge as some transformers are not in good condition. Therefore, considering the challenges faced it very uncertain that occupants will maintain such houses. Therefore the problem confronting the study is to appraise the determinants of tenant decision to maintain government owned rental housing

1.3   OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The fundamental objective of the study is to appraise the determinants of tenant decision to maintain government owned rental housing; The specific objectives of the study include;

     1 To determine the relevance of government owned rental housing.

    2 To determine the determinants of tenant decision to maintain government owned rental housing.

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

1 What is the relevance of government owned rental housing?

2 What are the determinants of tenant decision to maintain government owned rental housing?

1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The study appraises the determinants of tenant decision to maintain government owned rental housing.

1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The study focuses on the appraisal of the determinants of tenant decision to maintain government owned rental housing.

 1.7 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The research was confronted with logistics and geographical constraint.

1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS

GOVERNMENT OWNED HOUSING DEFINED

Government owned housing is a form of housing tenure in which the property is owned by a government authority, which may be central or local.

AMENITY DEFINED

Amenity is something considered to benefit a property and thereby increase its value.

 WATER POLLUTION DEFINED

Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies, usually as a result of human activities. Water bodies include for example lakes, rivers, oceans, aquifers and groundwater. Water pollution results when contaminants are introduced into the natural environment. For example, releasing inadequately treated wastewater into natural water bodies can lead to degradation of aquatic ecosystems. In turn, this can lead to public health problems for people living downstream. They may use the same polluted river water for drinking or bathing or irrigation. Water pollution is the leading worldwide cause of death and disease, e.g. due to water-borne diseases.

INNOVATION DEFINED

Innovation is the discovery of a new thing or business. It can also refer to something new or to a change made to an existing product, idea, or field.


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