1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Primary education is typically the first and foundation
level of compulsory education in the education industry.
The goal of achieving Universal Primary Education (UPE) has been on the international agenda since the universal
declaration of Human rights affirmed in 1948, that primary education has to be made freely and compulsory
available for all children in all nations. This objective was reinstated subsequently on many occasions by international treaties and in United Nations Conference declaration (Monitoring Report, 2005).
In Nigeria, Primary Education is given in institutions for children aged 6-11 years. It has a duration of 7 years under 7-5-4, 6years under 6-3-3-4 and 6years under the present 9-3-4 systems of education (Wakpa,2015). The major goals of primary education as stated in the national policy on education (FGN,2004) is
• To inculcate permanent literacy and numeracy and ability to communicate effectively.
• Lay a sound basis for scientific and reflective thinking.
• Give citizenship education as a basis for effective participation in and contribution to the life of the society.
• Mould the character and develop sound attitude and morals in the child.
• Develop in the child the ability to adapt to Childs changing environment.
• Giving the child opportunities for developing manipulative skills that will enable function effectively in the society within the limits of the Childs capacity.
• Provide the child with basic tools for the educational advancement including preparation for trades and the
craft of the locality.
The primary education sector in Nigeria includes state funded primary schools, special schools and private
primary schools. It is provided by private and public institutions (Awhen, Timipre and Agyngwuye, 2014).
Private Primary Education