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PROJECT TOPIC: EXAMINATION OF THE INTER-GROUP RELATIONS OF ABAK-IKONO CLANS: A CASE STUDY OF THE PRE-COLONIAL ERA 1800-1900

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CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION1.1 Background of the StudySocieties generally across the world, especially in Africa, have had very disturbing phases in their history. Such phases are characterized by intergroup rivalries. In some societies, the level of conflicts has reached alarming stages that it seems hardly possible to imagine that such societies ever enjoyed any peaceful relationship.1The rising tide of instability and the issue of peace and national security are essential in the study of societies. The significance of the issue of peace and security has to do with a shift of emphasis from the study of societies in isolation, to the study of societies in the light of their relationships with one another. Recently this scenario seems to dominate most research work in the social sciences. The purpose is to establish areas of agreement and disagreement societies, and with greater focus on the cause of such conflicts and compromise.2With respect to the subject of this work, there has been no interest in the study of Abak- Ikono Clans relations. The reason for the shifted attention not been focused on this subject is because over the years, Abak- Ikono Clans relation has steadily become peaceful. However, in spite of the attention on the problem of peace and national security, no comprehensive research has been undertaken on the achievement of peace and stability among the Abak and Ikono Clans people. This study is a contribution to our understanding of the remote and immediate causes of peace stability between Abak Clan and Ikono Clan contact in the pre- colonial times. A close look into the history unveils a very romantic past in the Abak- Ikono Clans relationship in Akwa Ibom State. The pre- colonial era, in particular, was a period of mutual contacts, characterized by understanding and co-operation in virtually all spheres of life.In the course of time, especially during the colonial period nothing has altered the good relationship that had existed between the two Clans. The pre-colonial era had found impact on the relation between the two societies. This two resulted essentially from the pre-colonial policies, which sowed and watered seeds of mutual intercourse between the two societies.Within this perspective, it is clear that since the pre-colonial era, most of the factors that once bond the Abak and Ikono Clans together have not dissipated. This best explains why per- colonial Abak- Ikono Clans relationship, particularly in Abak and Uyo local Government Area, has not been a catalogue of Civil unrest, resulting in wanton destruction of lives and properties. These peaceful relations aside clear that Abak- Ikono Clans relationship has never been a tale of woes.



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