1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Human trafficking has been a pressing issues not just in Nigeria but globally, and it seems to be swept away by most countries because they feel there are other issues that are more important but in all, the above stated case is as important as any other case or problems going on, and should be looked into to enable the creations of solutions to help in the reduce of trafficking of humans globally.
Most time when people hear about human trafficking they come to the conclusion, the person trafficked would be used as a sex slave, but there is more to it. When we talk about human trafficking it doesn’t refer to the female gender allow it is been referred to both male and female gender, globally due to research carried out there is an estimates which shows that over 5.5 million children are victims of trafficking and forced labor and up to 2 in 4 women and 1 in 6 men were sexually abused before the age of 18 which shows that children are also been trafficked and men are also been abused sexually and other wise.
Furthermore, human trafficking has become a global business that affects mostly children and young people, including women in developing countries. Human trafficking, according to United Nations (2010), denotes the recruitment, transportation, transfer, laboring or a receipt of persons, by means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of powers or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation, servitude and child labor, Owasanoye, (2012).
Operationally, trafficking in persons is viewed as a modern day form of slavery. It refers to the use of deceit and coercion to recruit and transfer persons either internally within the domestic borders of a country or externally across international borders for the purpose of exploitation. Human trafficking differs from abduction in the sense that while human trafficking is a modern day form of slavery, abduction is the forceful snatching away of people without negotiating for consent, Owasanoye, (2012). Victims of human trafficking are young children, teenagers, men and women who are subjected to force, fraud or coercion for the purpose of sexual exploitation, servitude and child labor, Ekpe, (2016).