BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Parents are the first guide to their child behavioural engagement basic science is one of the major subjects offered by all students in Junior Secondary School in Nigeria. The number of students offering basic science is more than the capacity of the number of teacher’s in effectiveness. In addition, Basic science has the perennial problems of lack of class activities and instructional resources to teach the subject. The use of relevant instructional resources as well as carefully guided activities engages students in meaningful learning, Dogara and Ahmadu (2000).
Another major problem is the use of poor teaching methods. Akpan (2008), Ibrahim and Odedele (2010) identified poor teaching method as one of the reasons for poor academic achievement. The student’s educational goal, acquisition of scientific knowledge, attitudes and skills depends on the right type of instructional methodologies employed by the teacher. All students are not the same in every respect. They acquire learning at different time and rate. For this reason, any wrong method used by the teacher affects the objectives of the lesson, make students’ performance on a level worst than it could ever be motivation comes from Latin rot of motive, motives “to move” Mac cullum and early researchers were concerned with what moves a resting organism to a state of activity . Now whether you call it passion, enthusiasm or dedication, people want to motivated, organization want motivate people working for them (Robb & Myatt, 2013), schools and colleges want motivated tutors and learners in their respective institutions. Therefore the study determines the roles of parents and teachers in the effective teaching and learning of basic in schools.