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PROJECT TOPIC: SURVEY OF THE USE OF BOOKS FOR BIBLIOGRAPHER BY LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE STUDENTS

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CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF BIBLIOTHERAPY According to Jews R.M (1978) the term Bibliotherapy is derived from the Greek words Biblio which simply means book, and therapy meaning, healing on treatment. Tracing the history, one soon notes the vast amount of literature devoted to bibliotherapy. Long before the term was used, there were speculative studies and discussion on the use of reading in the treatment of illness. The quest to know more about what happens to a student when he reads a book has led to studies, dissertations and research projects. The fundamental concept underlying bibliotherapy is not new; its beginning is well rented in the past historical writings and leaves little doubt that the creative powers of books were well known. It may be assume that from time to time books led to marked success, particularly in the treatment of the emotional disturbed person. Frequently, the book of the bible is cited as the one which is so used. This relationship of religion to bibliotherapy is evidenced also in the early beginnings of the libraries of the earliest records of books being used for the bibliotherapy in its broadest sense are namely the uses of books in the treatment of the sick in the middle ages (about 13th Century). Benjamin Rush (1972) was the first know American physician to prescribe books so as to provide entertainment and instruction. He was noted to have recommended reading for the mentally ill. He prescribed also the kind of books materials which would be effective in beguiling the evils of sickness and confinement. Placing reading on the same level as occupational therapy and other therapies. In summary of the historical background of bibliotherapy. I can say that bibliotherapy is a practice which uses books to help people to overcome mental emotional social and psychological problems. The promise on which the process rest is that books are dynamics and have the potential to change attitudes habits and skills f people read the pursuit because it brings a reality of delight which moves are from where he is to where he has never been. Bibliotherapy does not served only as therapeutic strategy which brings mentally handicapped persons out at their shells but has come as major sources of relaxation for the mentally handicapped and normal person.



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