The study compared the use of X-LIB and LIB+ library software in selected academic and special libraries in Nigeria. Six research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. A total of nine academic libraries and eleven special libraries in Nigeria were selected for the study. The selection was based on the libraries that make use of the two software under study. Data relevant to the study was collected using the questionnaire method. A total of 73 copies out of 73 of the questionnaire returned were found usable, signifying 100% response. One hypothesis was tested. Data were analyzed using percentage and mean scores.
Background of the Study In higher institutions, there exist libraries where academic resources are housed for the library clientele. Resources of this kind could come in form of physical materials such as theses, dissertations, books, inaugural lectures, institution newsletters, ephemeras, grey literature – which are materials that can hardly be found elsewhere, or electronic materials such as Compact Disk Read-Only-Memory (CD-ROM), Internet resources – which are located in databases, but could be thereafter be printed and bounded in hard covers for perusal. Such higher institution libraries that house the aforementioned kind of materials are called academic libraries. Edoka (2000) pointed out that academic libraries exist in higher institutions of higher education such as universities, colleges of education, colleges of technology polytechnics. Academic libraries are libraries in Universities (public and private), Colleges of Education, Polytechnics and Monotechnics. Their collection is tailored towards achievement of the institution goals of teaching, learning and research. They serve the students, lecturers, administrative members of the academic communities as well as others (Omekwu and Ugwuanyi, 2009).