1.1 Background to the study
Conventional tools have been known to be effective in learning among university student before the advent of ICTs. Conventional tools are the implements use by students in learning. These tools are handy and bulk. They are most hardware. Students make use of these tools in their daily activities both in learning and social and conventional life. They include hard copy bible, dictionary, calculator, note books, camera, radio set, torch light, calendar, jolter, wrist watch, tape recorder among others. These conventional tools were highly regarded as basic tools for learning and other activities related to education and social life. They provide some basic tasks which made them to be relevant tools for students, (Chatterjee, 2014).
According to Parker (2005), students face challenges in moving them around with them because of the bulky nature of these tools. Imagine moving dictionary from one place to another or radio set. Since the advent of mobile phone some of the conventional tools were imputed in the mobile phone. Example of such is torch light, calendar, bible e.t.c. As mobile phone applications improve to smart phone, the usefulness of mobile phone became glaring. Smart mobile phone is now a tool for multipurpose.
In this Era, mobile phone has become fashionable to everybody since it is very handy, with a mobile phone in our hand we can solve many issues and keep most of information around the world, (Chalterjce 2014).This emphasize that mobile phones carry application that allow and enable human activities move well. Mobile phone resulted in the simplicity and efficiency of human recurrent and daily activities. According to sunny and Gorge (2015), mobile phones or smart phones are rapidly becoming the central computer and communication device in people’s lives.
A mobile phone is a phone that can make and receive telephones calls over a radio link moving around a wide geographic area. It does so by connecting to a cellular network provided by a mobile phone operator allowing access to the public telephones network. In addition to telephones modern, mobile phones also support a wide variety of other services such as text message SMS, email, internet access, short range wireless communications (Infrared, Bluetooth) business application gaming and photocopy. Mobile phones that offer these and more general computing capabilities are referred to as smart phones, (Cavanagh, 2007). Mobile phones bring the world of relationship closer to the people by introducing scientific applications in solving human socialization related issues. According to Chatterjee (2015), it can be said that the cultural meaning of the mobile phone has moved beyond that of a simple tool or appliance. It is becoming a commodity. Since virtually everyone owns a mobile phone and wears it openly, its value has moved beyond utility and unto the real of meaning.
According to Lyon (2001), the usage and useful of mobile phones cover all aspect of human usefulness of mobile cover all aspect of human activities business, agriculture, education finance, craftsmanship, engineering etc. Mobile phone also is enhancing activities of formal and informal professions in a way of providing abundant knowledge, skill and technical measures in doing business.