1.0 BACKGROUND OF RESEARCH PROBLEM:
The theories of motivation constitute one of the streams of the plethora of management theories that explain the behavior of employees at work This is because what motivates one person is quite different from what motivates others.
The importance of motivation in the success of any organization in terms of the attainment of set organizational goal, be it in the area of productivity, profit margin, market share, efficiency, customer satisfaction, value of stock etc is universally acknowledged in the business world. Hence motivation has became “one of the most frequently researched topics in organizational behaviour (OB)” as Robbins (2005: 107) observed. The situation, Robbins noted is due to the discovery that 55% of workers in the United State “have no enthusiasm for their work”. Nevertheless, the application of the emergent motivation theories and their impact on the success of business organization has been a subject of immense debate amongst management science scholars. This not withstanding, the truism that an organization can only be as productively successful as its work force is correspondingly motivating other variables in the production process such as technology, quality of workers,
environment being equally recognized, becomes very important with respect to the case under study – Beta Glass Plc Ughelli, Delta State.
1.1 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM:
It was observed that some workers are not happy with their work. Furthermore, there are many and varied reasons why management are continually under distress in organization. Resources, human and material, technology are but a few issues confronting managers daily. More importantly, the human aspect has questions that have perplexed and fascinated managers for a long time. These questions include but not limited to:
What makes some employees perform better than others
What makes some employees seem better satisfied in their jobs than other
How can we improve the motivation and overall productivity of employees
These are indeed teething questions and constraints that plague managers daily
It is a fact that the level of employee motivation affects morale, performance and overall production
1.2 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY:
It is a common postulation that the productivity of workers is in no small measure associated with the nature and extent of the motivation programmes developed and implemented for the benefit of the workers by the organization. A motivated worker is therefore more likely to evolve and demonstrate the highest level of commitment, dedication to duty and organizational loyalty into the work process. Therefore, in investigating the impact of the application of the theories of motivation on the productivity of worker with Beta Glass Plc Ughelli as case study, the study seeks to achieve the underlisted objectives.
i. Examine the concept of motivation
ii. Review the theories of motivation
iii. Examine the impact of application of programmes of motivation on the productivity of workers, particularly in the areas of initiative and commitment, productivity and contribution of conditional effort.
1.3 SCOPE OF THE STUDY:
The study seeks to investigate the impact of the application of the theories of motivation on workers productivity in business organization. The particular focus of the study is Beta Glass Plc Ughelli. Effort shall be made to clarify the concept of motivation, examination of the relationship between motivation and initiative and commitment of workers productivity,
attendance and level at which workers willingly put in extra effort in the production process.
1.4 HYPOTHESIS OF THE STUDY:
In order to achieve the set objectives of the study which is on the impact of the application of the theories of motivation and the productivity of workers in Beta Glass Plc Ughelli, the following hypothesis shall be tested to provide empirical basic for the conclusion to be to be adopted.