1.1. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Nigeria is a nation fill with vegetation and water bodies; this is usually pronounced in the eastern and the southern part of the country. This is usually good for the people living in such environment in terms of agriculture and good weather condition; even with these advantages there are more disadvantages to this gift of nature.
Some of the disadvantages include diseases presented by most of the water bodies especially the stagnant ones. But for the purpose of this study we shall focus on malaria as one of the advantages faced by the inhabitants of this environment.
From the statistics of world health organization (WHO); it reads that malaria is mostly found throughout the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world and this ugly disease has causes more than three hundred (300) to about five hundred (500) million acute illness.The study went further to state that more than one million deaths from this population are noticed annually.
The study states that about 30 to 40 percent of the world population is that are living in most of the poorest countries are liable to be infected with malaria parasite. The malaria parasite spread more far more than four times living with most deadly diseases like Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Leprosy, measles, tuberculosis, wooping cough etc combined together today.
It is general noticed that most young mother of under three to five in the six geo-political zones in Nigeria have negleted this issue of malaria parasite and the preventive methods as recommended by the world health organisation (WHO).
Most health organisations have been trying to control the effect of this malaria parasites; the national malaria situation survey relating to the preventive health behaviour in malaria shows that there have been a poor use of mosquito net among parents of under five in the six geo-political zones in Nigeria; the study shows that a percentage below 10% was recorded for the parents of under five that uses mosquito nets.