1.1 BACKGROUND STUDY
General Hospital Ota is one of Ogun state hospitals; it is located in Ado-odo Ota Local government. The hospital has a recorded of many patients and it is important to know iof the number of patients in a hospital correlates with the available facilities in the hospital.
It is therefore in the best interest of the researcher to use his or her knowledge of statistic application is the attendance of ill health (patients) attending the hospital. It does not and here the research as will look forward to classifying, arranging and recording the monthly, quarterly, annual, bi-annual attendance of patients in the hospital.
In an attempt to introduce efficient methods and routine towards comparing the total attendance of, in and out patient this in general comprises of male, female and children patient attending the hospital.
To crown it all, it shall be in form of data (secondary, primary data) depending on the set of people wishing to use it and purpose or criterion behind using the research, the data collected will be analysis organized, summarized and compiled. Since hospital patronage is consistent and continuous process, it will be an efficient data collection, centres and will promote statistical application and voluminous data i.e. moving average and time series analysis.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
One of the major problems faced by hospitals is inadequate funding from the governments. Inadequate medical facilities in most state and federal hospital are due to poor funding by the government. The population of patients is most government owned hospital is increase day by day with limited medical facilities in the hospitals.
Lack of sufficient medical personnel in government owned hospitals is also an important challenged faced by hospitals. The ratio of patients to doctors is very low and this increases work stress among doctor and this affects their productivity. The salary of doctors in government-owned hospital is usually delayed and affects the attitude of the doctor towards work.
Lack of proper record of patients in hospitals has call for so much attention. The importance of keeping patients’ attendance is to monitor the activities of the hospital and also to ascertain the growth of the Hospitals. Patients’ attendance also helps the Hospital board to determine the loop holes in the operation of the hospital. So this study is carried top carry out the analysis of patients’ attendance in Hospitals.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The general objective study is to carry out the analysis of patient attendance in Hospital, using General Hospital Ota as a case study. The specific objectives are:
1. To ascertain if there is an increase or decrease in the population of patients in General Hospital Ota.
2. To examine the time analysis of patients’ attendance in General Hospital Ota.
3. To find out the difference in purpose of patients who visit General Hospital Ota.
4. To determine the sex difference in the patients in General Hospital Ota.
5. To ascertain the relationship between the analysis of patients’ attendance and the performance of General Hospital Ota.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The research questions related to this study are:
1. Is there an increase or decrease in the population of patients in General Hospital Ota?
2. What is the time analysis of patients’ attendance in General Hospital Ota?
3. What is the difference in purpose of patients who visit General Hospital Ota?
4. What is the sex difference in the patients in General Hospital Ota?
5. What is the relationship between the analysis of patients’ attendance and the performance of General Hospital Ota?
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The findings from this study are relevant to hospital workers and the government. The study educates the hospital workers on the relevance of taking patients’ attendance. How the failure of keeping proper patients’ attendance can prevent the hospital board from monitoring the operations and performance of the hospital.
This study will enhance the existing body of literature by contemplating the areas of the literature that have not yet been examined or considered and incorporating these factors into the current study. The study will thus form the basis for further studies in the field.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of this study is restricted to the analysis of patients’ attendance in hospital, a case of General Hospital Ota.
1.7 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
Some of the major constraints the researchers encountered in putting up this research include lack of time, lack of willingness to give information by respondent and also limited resources
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Attendance: the action or state of going regularly to or being present at a place or event.
Hospital: is an institution providing medical and surgical treatment and nursing care for sick or injured people.
Medical personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation.
Patient: a person receiving or registered to receive medical treatment.
Medical care facility: refers to an institution, place, building or agency that furnishes, conducts, and operates health services for the prevention, diagnosis, or treatment of human disease, pain, injury, deformity, or physical condition.