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PROJECT TOPIC: THE USE OF HYDROGEN AS A HARMLESS SOURCE OF ENERGY

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ABSTRACT     Hydrogen is an energy carrier that can transform our fossil fuel dependent economy into a hydrogen economy; t can provide an emission free transportation fuel.  Hydrogen has the highest combustion energy per batter relative to any other fuel. It is more efficient on a weight basis than fuels used currently. It offers 2-3 times more energy than most other common fuels.  It combines readily with oxygen releasing considerable energy as heat and water Hydrogen storage and transport are issues of intense research due to hydrogen’s characteristics how density.  Hydrogen can be burned either to provide heat or to derive turbines or in internal combustion engines.  From motive and electrical power.  Many of those technologies are quite mature, although improvement in materials and process will help them work better and last longer.  Fuel cells are in the early stages of commercialization and offer a more efficient hydrogen use.  Hydrogen internal combustion engine in vehicle may provide an important route to enable hydrogen introduction while other technologies such as fuel cell electric derive.      TABLE OF CONTENTS Title Page  Table of Contents Abstract    Chapter One 1.0 Introduction         1 1.1 Description of Hydrogen       2 1.2 Hydrogen as the Most Efficient Fuel    3 1.3 Hydrogen as the Cleanest/ Harmless Fuel  3 1.4 Evaluation of the use of Hydrogen as a Fuel   4   Chapter Two 2.0 Source and Methods Hydrogen Production   7 2.1 Kvaerner Process        8 2.2 Biological Production       8 2.3 Biocatalysed Electrolysis       10   Chapter Three 3.0 Application of Hydrogen Fuel Cell in Generation  11 3.1 Types of Fuels Cells        12 3.2 Benefits and Obstacles of the Success of Fuel Cells 23   Chapter Four 4.0 Efficiency and Storage of Hydrogen    28 4.1 Efficiency of Hydrogen Fuel     28 4.2 Storage (Belat, 2008)      31   Chapter Five  5.0 Conclusion and Recommendations    35 5.1 Conclusion         35 5.2 Recommendations       36 References    LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1: Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cells  13   Figure 2: Alkaline Fuel Cell          17   Figure 3: Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell        20


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